Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia. With a population of 137 million (excluding the 3.7 million on the island of Madura which is administered as part of the provinces of Java), Java is the world's most populous island, and one of the most densely-populated places on the globe. Java is the home of 60 percent of the Indonesian population. The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is located on western Java. Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies. Java was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 40s. Java dominates Indonesia politically, economically and culturally.

Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east-west spine along the island. It has three main languages, though Javanese is dominant, and it is the native language of about 60 million people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java. Most of its residents are bilingual, with Indonesian as their first or second languages. While the majority of the people of Java are Muslim, Java has a diverse mixture of religious beliefs, ethnicities, and cultures.

Java is divided into four provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, and also two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.

Read more about Java:  Etymology, Geography, Natural Environment, Administrative Division, History, Demography, Economy

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Java, South Dakota - Demographics - 2000 Census
... There were 94 households out of which 13.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
... allows some ARM processors to execute Java bytecode in hardware as a third execution state alongside the existing ARM and Thumb modes ... and supports ahead-of-time (AOT) and just-in-time (JIT) compilation with Java and other execution environments ... mobile phones to increase the execution speed of Java ME games and applications ...
Herman Willem Daendels - Military and Colonial Career - Governor-General of The Dutch East Indies
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