What is rifle?

  • (noun): A shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore.
    Example: "He lifted the rifle to his shoulder and fired"
    See also — Additional definitions below


A rifle is a firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the barrel walls. The raised areas of the rifling are called "lands," which make contact with the projectile (for small arms usage, called a bullet), imparting spin around an axis corresponding to the orientation of the weapon. When the projectile leaves the barrel, this spin lends gyroscopic stability to the projectile and prevents tumbling, in the same way that a properly thrown American football or rugby ball behaves. This allows the use of aerodynamically-efficient pointed bullets (as opposed to the spherical balls used in muskets) and thus improves range and accuracy. The word "rifle" originally referred to the grooving, and a rifle was called a "rifled gun." Rifles are used in warfare, hunting and shooting sports.

Read more about Rifle.

Some articles on rifle:

Brunswick Rifle
... The Brunswick rifle was a large caliber (.704) muzzle-loading percussion rifle manufactured for the British Army at the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield in the early 19th century ...
Automatic Rifle - History
... The world's first automatic rifle was the Mexican Mondragón rifle and was designed by General Manuel Mondragón ... However, the automatic rifle traces its roots to World War I, where the Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) first appeared ... entirely lived up to the desigers hopes being neither a rifle nor a machinegun ...
Automatic Rifle - Examples
... Farquhar-Hill rifle Federov Avtomat Cei-Rigotti Browning Automatic Rifle M1946 Sieg automatic rifle MTB 1925 ...
Rifle, Colorado - Popular Culture
... completed the Valley Curtain project at Rifle Gap, a few miles north of the town of Rifle ... A portion of the film Vanishing Point was filmed in Rifle ... Rifle Mountain Park, located 12 miles north of Rifle, is maintained by the City of Rifle ...
Brunswick Rifle - Design and Features
... Like all rifles of the period, the Brunswick rifle suffered from the problem of being difficult to load ... Rounds for rifles were required to fit tightly into the barrel so that the round would grip the rifling as it traveled down the barrel, imparting a spin to the round and improving its stability ... design more and more difficult to load as the rifle was used ...

More definitions of "rifle":

  • (verb): Go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way.
    Synonyms: go

Famous quotes containing the word rifle:

    At Hayes’ General Store, west of the cemetery, hangs an old army rifle, used by a discouraged Civil War veteran to end his earthly troubles. The grocer took the rifle as payment ‘on account.’
    —Administration for the State of Con, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)

    Truth is his inspirer, and earnestness the polisher of his sentences. He could afford to lose his Sharp’s rifles, while he retained his faculty of speech,—a Sharp’s rifle of infinitely surer and longer range.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    Many times man lives and dies
    Betweeen his two eternities,
    That of race and that of soul,
    And ancient Ireland knew it all.
    Whether man die in his bed
    Or the rifle knocks him dead,
    William Butler Yeats (1865–1939)