What is human genome?

Human Genome

The human (Homo sapiens) genome is the complete set of human genetic information, stored as DNA sequences within the 23 chromosome pairs of the cell nucleus, and in a small DNA molecule within the mitochondrion. The haploid human genome (contained in egg and sperm cells) consists of three billion DNA base pairs, while the diploid genome (found in somatic cells) has twice the DNA content. Although the human genome has been completely read by DNA sequencing, it is not yet fully understood. Many (though probably not all) genes have been identified, yet much work still needs to be done to completely elucidate the biological functions of their protein and RNA products. Recent results indicate that most of the vast quantities of noncoding DNA within the genome have associated biochemical activities, including regulation of gene expression, organization of chromosome architecture, and signals controlling epigenetic inheritance.

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Some articles on human genome:

Centre For Arab Genomic Studies - Activities and Projects - Human Genome Organization
... CAGS shares very close ties with the Human Genome Organization (HUGO) ... Trade Centre and Dubai Convention Bureau, has made a successful bid for hosting the HUGO Annual Human Genome Meet (HGM) 2011 in Dubai ...
Center For The Study Of Human Polymorphisms - Human Genome
... as Dausset had collected for his Nobel Prize-winning studies on the human leukocyte antigen system, led to the addition of numerous gene markers and made it ...
List Of Events In NHGRI History - 2000
... consortium of scientists and a private company release a substantially complete genome sequence of the fruitfly (Drosophila melanogaster) ... April 3–6, 2000 – The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Rare Disease Research, and the Don and Linda Carter Foundation sponsor ... of Nature that they have unraveled the genome of human chromosome 21, already known to be involved with Down syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, Usher syndrome and Lou Gehrig's ...
Applied Biosystems - History - Perkin-Elmer
... new pharmaceuticals, based on the work of the Human Genome Project ... Companies such as Human Genome Sciences (NASDAQ HGSI) in Maryland, Myriad Genetics (NASDAQ MYGN) in Utah, INCYTE Pharmaceuticals (later Incyte Genomics) (NASDAQ ... To meet Human Genome Project goals, Perkin-Elmer developed mapping kits with markers every 10 million bases along each chromosome ...
Human Genome - Epigenome
... See also Epigenetics Epigenetics are a variety of features of the human genome that transcend its primary DNA sequence, such as chromatin packaging, histone ...

Famous quotes containing the word human:

    The symbol of perpetual youth, the grass-blade, like a long green ribbon, streams from the sod into the summer, checked indeed by the frost, but anon pushing on again, lifting its spear of last year’s hay with the fresh life below. It grows as steadily as the rill oozes out of the ground.... So our human life but dies down to its root, and still puts forth its green blade to eternity.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)