The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder. Their powers include the legitimized use of force. The term is most commonly associated with police services of a state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. Police forces are often defined as being separate from military or other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie and military police are military units charged with civil policing.
Law enforcement, however, constitutes only part of policing activity. Policing has included an array of activities in different situations, but the predominant ones are concerned with the preservation of order. In some societies, in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, these developed within the context of maintaining the class system and the protection of private property. Some parts of the world may suffer from police corruption.
Alternative names for police force include constabulary, gendarmerie, police department, police service, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard or civic guard. Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards. Police of the Soviet-era Eastern Europe were (or are, in some cases, as in Belarus) called the militsiya. The Irish police are called the Garda Síochána ("guardians of the peace"); a police officer is called a garda. As police are often in conflict with individuals, slang terms are numerous. Many slang terms for police officers are decades or centuries old with lost etymology.
Other articles related to "civil, police":
... Car bombs became a regular occurrence during the war, the Afghan civil conflicts which followed, and then during the U.S ... bombs as the last act of the Columbine High School massacre, apparently to murder police and first responders ... bombs had also been found in a vehicle in London, although the police reported that the bombs were incomplete and could not have exploded ...
... During the Civil War, he joined the Pennsylvania Volunteers, Twenty-Sixth Regiment, Company C, entering the service as a sergeant and leaving in 1862 by medical discharge ... fought on the side of the Union during the Civil War in Battery G, 2nd Artillery, 112th Regiment, and was mustered out with the rank of Captain ... acts as Burgess was to sign on February 13, 1906, an ordinance creating a regular police force in the borough ...
... by the widespread arrests of government officials, police, military personnel, border guards, teachers, priests, judges etc ... Poles were denied access to positions in the civil service and former Polish senior officials and notable members of the community were arrested and exiled to ... Soviet authorities encouraged Jews to fill in the newly emptied government and civil service jobs ...
Famous quotes containing the words civil and/or police:
“Since the Civil War its six states have produced fewer political ideas, as political ideas run in the Republic, than any average county in Kansas or Nebraska.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)
“Despite your best efforts, you could not invent a better police force for literature than criticism and the authors own conscience.”
—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (18601904)