What is dolmen?

  • (noun): A prehistoric megalith typically having two upright stones and a capstone.
    Synonyms: cromlech


A dolmen, also known as a portal tomb, portal grave, or quoit, is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table). Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BC). Dolmens were usually covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow, though in many cases that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone "skeleton" of the burial mound intact.

Read more about Dolmen.

Some articles on dolmen:

Larch Hill - Layout - Other Features
... The dolmen or cromlech is one of three that can be found in the vicinity, the others being on Tibradden Mountain and at Mount Venus ... A dolmen was a royal burial plot and is made up of two upright granite blocks supporting a third crossways (here it has slipped out of place) and backed by a solid upright ... The dolmen is sometimes referred to by locals as "the druids altar" or the "druids seat" ...
Legananny Dolmen
... Legananny Dolmen is a megalithic dolmen or cromlech nine miles southeast of Banbridge and three miles north of Castlewellan, both in County Down ... This tripod dolmen has a capstone over 3m long and 1.8m from the ground ...
Locmariaquer Megaliths - Table Des Marchand
... The Table des Marchand is a large dolmen containing a number of decorations ... Other parts were used in the tumulus and in the nearby dolmen of Gavrinis, on a nearby island ... The dolmen was fully exposed and above ground until it was excavated and rebuilt inside a cairn in 1993, reconstructing its original appearance and protecting its contents ...
Cordobilla De Lácara - History - Heritage - Dolmen
... Near Cordobilla is the Dolmen of Lácara, important megalithic construction, which could be the biggest in Europe that is known at the time ... Lácara dolmen is one of the largest and most beautiful you can see in Extremadura ... Lácara The dolmen is a passage grave, an architectural jewel of the Paleolithic ...
Dolmen Sites - Asia - Eurasia (North Western Caucasus) Circassia
... See also Dolmens of Russia Over 3,000 dolmens and other structures can be found in the North-Western Caucasus region in Russia, where more and more dolmens are discovered in the mountains each year ...