IBM

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 largest U.S. firm in terms of number of employees (433,362), the #4 largest in terms of market capitalization, the #9 most profitable, and the #19 largest firm in terms of revenue. Globally, the company was ranked the #31 largest in terms of revenue by Forbes for 2011. Other rankings for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green company worldwide (Newsweek), #2 best global brand (Interbrand), #2 most respected company (Barron's), #5 most admired company (Fortune), and #18 most innovative company (Fast Company).

IBM has 12 research laboratories worldwide and, as of 2012, has held the record for most patents generated by a company for 19 consecutive years. Its employees have garnered five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, nine National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science. Famous inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the Universal Product Code (UPC), the financial swap, SABRE airline reservation system, DRAM, and Watson artificial intelligence.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Read more about IBM:  Corporate Affairs, Research and Inventions, Selected Current Projects, Environmental Record, Company Logo and Nickname

Other articles related to "ibm":

IBM - Company Logo and Nickname
... IBM's current "8-bar" logo was designed in 1972 by graphic designer Paul Rand ... The 1972 IBM logos are an example of this tendency ... The company wrote the IBM initials using individual atoms in 1990, as a demonstration of using a scanning tunneling microscope to move atoms ...
IBM Extended Density Format
... The IBM eXtended Density Format (XDF) is a way of formatting standard high-density 3.5" and 5.25" floppy disks to larger-than-standard capacities ... It is supported natively by IBM's PC-DOS versions 7 and 2000 and by OS/2 Warp 3 onward, using the XDF and XDFCOPY commands (directly in OS/2) ...
Jeff Foxworthy - Early Life
... was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the first child of Jimmy Abstance Foxworthy, an IBM executive, and Carole Linda (Camp) Foxworthy, both of English descent ... for five years in mainframe computer maintenance at IBM (where his father also worked) ... At the urging of IBM co-workers, he entered and won the Great Southeastern Laugh-off, at Atlanta's Punchline comedy club, in 1984 ...
Cyrix - Manufacturing Partners
... disagreements with Texas Instruments, and production difficulties at SGS Thomson, Cyrix turned to IBM Microelectronics, whose production technology rivaled that of Intel ... the manufacturing agreement between the two companies, IBM received the right to build and sell Cyrix-designed CPUs under the IBM name ... While some in the industry speculated this would lead to IBM using 6x86 CPUs extensively in its product line and improve Cyrix's reputation, IBM continued to mostly use Intel CPUs, and to a lesser ...
John R. Opel
... He served as the president of IBM between 1974 and 1985 ... He then served as the CEO of IBM from 1981 to 1985 ... Finally he was the chairman of IBM between 1983 and 1986 ...