Vector - in Biology

In Biology

  • Vector (epidemiology), an organism, often an invertebrate arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from reservoir to host
  • Vector (molecular biology), vehicle used to transfer genetic material to a target cell, such as:
    • Plasmid vector
    • Binary vector, a cloning vector used to generate transgenic plants
    • Cloning vector
    • Expression vector, a plasmid specifically used for protein expression in the target
    • Shuttle vector, a vector (usually a plasmid) constructed so that it can propagate in two different host species
    • Viral vector, a virus modified to deliver foreign genetic material into a cell
  • Dispersal vector, an organism that carries and disperses reproductive structures (e.g., seeds, spores, or pollen) of a different species.
    • Pollinator, the biotic agent (vector) that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization
  • VECTOR, a biological research center in Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia.

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