Roving

A roving is a long and narrow bundle of fibre. Rovings are produced during the process of making spun yarn from wool fleece, raw cotton, or other fibres. Their main use is as fibre prepared for spinning, but they may also be used for specialised kinds of knitting or other textile arts.

After carding, the fibres lie roughly parallel in smooth bundles. These are drawn out, by hand or machine, and slightly twisted to form lengths suitable for spinning. These unspun strands of fibre are the rovings. Roving can also mean a roll of these strands, the strands in general (as a mass noun), or the process of creating them.

Because it is carded, the fibres are less parallel than top (combed) and are not of uniform length. Carded rovings look fluffier than combed top, which looks smooth and has a high lustre. The fibres in combed top tend to be of a fairly uniform length due to the method of preparation. Though drawing it into strips may line the fibres up a bit. Roving is not to be confused with sliver as there is twist in roving.

Pencil roving is a type of roving that has been drawn until it is the size of a fat pencil. It can be used by spinners with minimal drafting (withdrawing fibers from a clump). Knitters also use pencil roving, similar to Lopi style yarns, or when making a thrummed item. (Regular roving can also be used in thrummed knitting.)


Spinning
Materials
  • Noil
  • Rolag
  • Roving
  • Sliver
  • Staple
  • Top
  • Tow
  • Woolen
  • Worsted
Techniques
  • Carding
  • Combing
  • Heckling
  • Long draw
  • Scutching
  • Short draw
  • Twist per inch
Hand spinning tools
  • Hand spinning
  • Distaff
  • Niddy noddy
  • Nostepinne
  • Spindle
  • Spinning wheel
  • Spinners weasel
Industrial spinning
  • Cotton-spinning machinery
  • Ring spinning
  • Open end spinning
  • Dref Friction Spinning
  • Magnetic ring spinning
  • Mule spinners' cancer
  • Spinning frame
  • Spinning jenny
  • Spinning mule
  • Throstle frame
  • Water frame
  • Wool combing machine

Other articles related to "roving":

The Roving Kind
... The Roving Kind was a nationally syndicated television show that was distributed by Bill Burrud Productions, which aired on KCOP-TV, Los Angeles, from 1964 to 1968 ... The Roving Kind travel series was produced for a family audience, showing how families could travel on a budget ...
Roving Mars
... Roving Mars is an IMAX documentary film about the development, launch, and operation of the Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity ... Roving Mars has made over US$10 million as of January 25, 2009 ... Roving Mars is also the title of a non-fiction book by MER principal investigator Steve Squyres about the rover mission ...
Roving Boy
... Roving Boy (1980–1983) was an American Champion Thoroughbred racehorse ... Hibbert, Roving Boy was a descendant of Man o' War on his sire's side ... Trained by Joseph Manzi, Roving Boy was the dominant juvenile in California whose earnings in 1982 of $800,425 set a world record for a two-year-old ...
Roving Wiretap
... A roving wiretap is a wiretap specific to the United States that follows the surveillance target ... However, a "roving" wiretap follows the target, and defeats the target's attempts at breaking the surveillance by changing location or their communications technology ...

Famous quotes containing the word roving:

    The negligence of Nature wide and wild,
    Where, undisguised by mimic art, she spreads
    Unbounded beauty to the roving eye.
    James Thomson (1700–1748)