A ring chromosome is a chromosome whose arms have fused together to form a ring. Ring chromosomes were first discovered by Lilian Vaughan Morgan in 1926. A ring chromosome is denoted by the symbol r in human genetics or R in Drosophila genetics. Ring chromosomes may form in cells following genetic damage by mutagens like radiation, but they may also arise spontaneously during development.
Famous quotes containing the words chromosome and/or ring:
“We become male automatically because of the Y chromosome and the little magic peanut, but if we are to become men we need the help of other menwe need our fathers to model for us and then to anoint us, we need our buddies to share the coming-of-age rituals with us and to let us join the team of men, and we need myths of heroes to inspire us and to show us the way.”
—Frank Pittman (20th century)
“I started out very quiet and I beat Mr. Turgenev. Then I trained hard and I beat Mr. de Maupassant. Ive fought two draws with Mr. Stendhal, and I think I had an edge in the last one. But nobodys going to get me in any ring with Mr. Tolstoy unless Im crazy or I keep getting better.”
—Ernest Hemingway (18991961)