The Kara Sea (Russian: Ка́рское мо́ре, Karskoe More) is part of the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia. It is separated from the Barents Sea to the west by the Kara Strait and Novaya Zemlya, and the Laptev Sea to the east by the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. It is named for the Kara River (flowing into Baydaratskaya Bay), which is now relatively insignificant but which played an important role in the Russian conquest of northern Siberia.
The Kara Sea's northern limit is marked geographically by a line running from Cape Kohlsaat in Graham Bell Island, Franz Josef Land, to Cape Molotov (Arctic Cape), the northernmost point of Komsomolets Island in Severnaya Zemlya.
The Kara Sea is roughly 1,450 kilometres long and 970 kilometres wide with an area of around 880,000 km2 (339,770 sq mi) and a mean depth of 110 metres (360 ft).
Compared to the Barents Sea, which receives relatively warm currents from the Atlantic, the Kara Sea is much colder, remaining frozen for over nine months a year.
The Kara receives a large amount of freshwater from the Ob, Yenisei, Pyasina, and Taimyra rivers, so its salinity is variable.
Its main ports are Novy Port and Dikson and it is important as a fishing ground although the sea is ice-bound for all but two months of the year. Significant discoveries of petroleum and natural gas, an extension of the West Siberian Oil Basin, have been made but have not yet been developed.
Other articles related to "kara sea, sea":
... (1888 in Onega – 1913? in an unknown place in the Kara Sea) was a young Russian oceanographer and Arctic explorer ... in an incredibly rash attempt at reaching the Pacific Ocean via the Northern Sea Route ... northern tip of Novaya Zemlya, and heading east across the Kara Sea but nothing was heard from the Gerkules thereafter ...
... The Kara Sea Islands section (4,000 km²) of the Great Arctic Nature Reserve includes the Sergei Kirov Archipelago, the Voronina Island, the Izvestiy TSIK ... section represents rather fully the natural and biological diversity of Arctic sea islands of the eastern part of the Kara Sea ...
... Anna when she was trapped on the pack ice of the Kara Sea ... the path of the ship's drift caused by certain variations of the patterns of sea and ice currents ... Josef Land and the northern part of the Kara Sea ...
... lesser known exploits was a search-and-rescue expedition aboard ship Eklips in the Kara Sea in 1914-1915 ... a convoy of five cargo ships on an experimental run through the Kara Sea to the mouths of the Ob and Yenisei ... an important step in the development of the Kara Sea sector of the Northern Sea Route ...
... Erich Steinbrinck and Richard Beitzen, entered the Kara Sea along with submarines U 601 (Captain Grau) and U 251 (Lt ... ships of the USSR fleet had sought refuge in the Kara Sea because of the protection that its icy pack provided during ten months in a year ... The large-scale naval operation in order to enter the Kara Sea and destroy as many Russian vessels as possible was named Operation Wunderland ...
Famous quotes containing the word sea:
“When the fierce north-western blast
Cools sea and land so far and fast,
Thou already slumberest deep;
Woe and want thou canst outsleep;
Want and woe, which torture us,
Thy sleep makes ridiculous.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)