Haryana

Haryana, /ˌhɑriˈɑːnə/ is a state in India. Constituted in 1966, it is one of two newly created states carved out of the greater Punjab province as a means of creating a stronger national identity. It has been a part of the Kuru region in North India. The name Haryana is found mentioned in the 12th century AD by the Apabhramsha writer Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189-1230). It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region, the capital of which is Delhi and is administered as a union territory.

Sites in Haryana were part of the Indus Valley and Vedic Civilizations. Several decisive battles were fought in the area, which shaped much of the history of India. These include the epic battle of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra mentioned in the Hindu mythology (including the recital of the Bhagavad Gita by Krishna), and the three battles of Panipat. Haryana was administered as part of the Punjab province of British India, and was carved out on linguistic lines as India's 17th state in 1966. Haryana is now a leading contributor to the country's production of foodgrain and milk. Agriculture is the leading occupation for the residents of the state, the flat arable land irrigated by submersible pumps and an extensive canal system. Haryana contributed heavily to the Green Revolution that made India self-sufficient in food production in the 1960s.

Haryana is one of the wealthiest states of India and has the third highest per capita income in the country at Rs. 67,891, including the largest number of rural crorepatis in India. Haryana is also one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia and its agricultural and manufacturing industry has experienced sustained growth since 1970s. Haryana is India's largest manufacturer of passenger cars, two-wheelers, and tractors. Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India. The city of Gurgaon has rapidly emerged as a major hub for the information technology and automobile industries. Gurgaon is home to Maruti Udyog Limited, India's largest automobile manufacturer, and Hero MotoCorp Limited, the world's largest manufacturer of two-wheelers. Sonipat,Yamuna Nagar, Panipat, Panchkula and Faridabad are also industrial hubs, with the Panipat Refinery being the second largest refinery in South Asia. There are also long established steel, plywood, paper and textile industries in the state.

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Other articles related to "haryana":

Copper Hoard Culture
... in the Kanya Gurukul museum in Narela/Haryana ... regional find-groups are identifiable South Haryana/North Rajasthan, the Ganges/Jamuna plain, Chota Nagpur und Madhya Pradesh, with their characteristic find-types ... Characteristic hoard finds from South Haryana/North Rajasthan include flat axes, harpoons, double axes, swords with so-called antenna grips and others ...
State Assembly Elections In India, 2009 - Haryana
... In the Haryana assembly elections, 2009 Indian National Congress could not get majority. 1 Indian National Congress 40. 35.08 3 Independents 7 13.16 4 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) 6. 7.40 2 Indian National Lok Dal 31. 25.79 5 Bharatiya Janata Party 4. 9.04 6 Bahujan Samaj ... In 2009 vidhan sabha elections, Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) emerged winner on following six seats ...
Sampat Singh - Family
... He is the youngest playerin haryana who has received "Bhim Award" ... Gaurav Singh was Indian Youth Congress president from district Hisar in Haryana and is a active member in Haryana congress politics ...
Haryana - Health
... Haryana Civil Medical Services (HCMS) NRHM, National Rural Health Mission. ...