Geology

Geology (from the Greek γῆ, , "earth" and λόγος, logos, "study") is the science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change. Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any celestial body (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars).

Geology gives insight into the history of the Earth, as it provides the primary evidence for plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, and past climates. In modern times, geology is commercially important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation and for evaluating water resources. It is publicly important for the prediction and understanding of natural hazards, the remediation of environmental problems, and for providing insights into past climate change. Geology plays a role in geotechnical engineering and is a major academic discipline.

Read more about GeologyHistory, Geologic Time, Geologic Materials, Geological Development of An Area, Methods of Geology, Planetary Geology, Fields or Related Disciplines

Other articles related to "geology":

Sugar Land, Texas - Geography and Climate - Geology
... Underpinning the area's land surface are unconsolidated clays, clay shales, and poorly-cemented sands extending to depths of several miles ... The region's geology developed from stream deposits from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains ...
History Of Biology - 19th Century: The Emergence of Biological Disciplines - Natural History and Natural Philosophy - Geology and Paleontology
... See also History of geology and History of paleontology The emerging discipline of geology also brought natural history and natural philosophy closer ... but Charles Lyell's influential Principles of Geology (1830) popularised Hutton's uniformitarianism, a theory that explained the geological past and present on equal terms ...
Basin And Range Province - Geology
... The average crustal thickness of the Basin and Range Province is approximately 30 – 35 km and is comparable to extended continental crust around the world ... The crust in conjunction with the upper mantle comprises the lithosphere ...
Regional Geology - By Planet
... Geology of Mars Geology of Mercury Geology of the Moon Geology of Venus ...