North Sea

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. An epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the European continental shelf, it connects to the ocean through the English Channel in the south and the Norwegian Sea in the north. It is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of around 750,000 square kilometres (290,000 sq mi).

The North Sea has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery. The sea is a popular destination for recreation and tourism in bordering countries and more recently has developed into a rich source of energy resources including fossil fuels, wind, and early efforts in wave power.

Historically, the North Sea has featured prominently in geopolitical and military affairs, particularly in Northern Europe but also globally through the power northern European actors projected worldwide during much of the Middle Ages and modern era. The North Sea was the centre of the Vikings' rise and subsequently, the Hanseatic League, the Netherlands, and the British each sought to dominate the North Sea and through it to control access to the markets and resources of the world. As Germany's only outlet to the ocean, the North Sea continued to be strategically important through both World Wars.

The coast of the North Sea presents a diversity of geological and geographical features. In the north, deep fjords and sheer cliffs mark the Norwegian and Scottish coastlines, whereas the south consists primarily of sandy beaches and wide mudflats. Due to the dense population, heavy industrialization, and intense use of the sea and area surrounding it, there have been a number of environmental issues affecting the sea's ecosystems. Environmental concerns—commonly including overfishing, industrial and agricultural runoff, dredging, and dumping among others—have led to a number of efforts to prevent degradation of the sea while still making use of its economic potential.

Read more about North SeaGeography, Coastal Management, Geology

Other articles related to "north sea, north, sea":

List Of Vampire Hunter D Characters - Adaptations - Audio Drama
... January 1988), D - Demon Deathchase (June 1988), D - Mysterious Journey to the North Sea I To the North Sea (March 1990), D - Mysterious Journey to the North Sea ...
List Of Rivers By Age - List of Rivers Older Than 1 Ma
... million years = 1,000,000 years) Continent color key Africa Asia Oceania Europe North America South America River Age (Ma) Outflow Most significant criterion for the age 1 ... Meuse River 380 North Sea Paleozoic, dissects the Ardennes during the Hercynian 2 ... Yangtze 365 East China Sea Crosses Paleozoic and Mesozoic mountains 3 ...
North Sea, New York - Demographics
... There were 1,880 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Coastline Of The North Sea
... The coastline of the North Sea has been evolving since the last glacier receded ... The eastern and western coasts of the North Sea are jagged, as they were stripped by glaciers during the ice ages ... of deposited glacial sediment, which was left directly by the ice or has been redeposited by the sea ...
List Of Deep-water Ports - Europe - Great Britain
... Channel (post-Panamax, traditional liner port) Teesport, Middlesbrough, North Sea Port of Tyne, Newcastle, North Sea Felixstowe, North Sea (post-Panamax, 35% of UK container traffic) Barrow ... cruise ships of 345 m in length and 10 m draught) Port Talbot, Irish Sea Milford Haven, Irish Sea Invergordon, Moray Firth Hunterston Terminal, Firth of Clyde Hound point, Firth of Forth ...

Famous quotes containing the words sea and/or north:

    When heaven doth weep, doth not the earth o’erflow?
    If the winds rage, doth not the sea wax mad,
    Threatening the welkin with his big-swollen face?
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    The Moon’s the North Wind’s cooky,
    Vachel Lindsay (1879–1931)