What is Urdu?

  • (noun): The official literary language of Pakistan, closely related to Hindi; widely used in India (mostly by Moslems); written in Arabic script.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Urdu (/ˈʊərduː/; Urdu: (Urdu: اُردُو‎), ) is a register of Hindi-Urdu in South Asia. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an official language of five states. Based on the Khariboli dialect of Delhi, Urdu developed under the influence of Persian, Arabic, and Turkic languages over the course of almost 900 years. It began to take shape in the region of Uttar Pradesh in the Indian subcontinent during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1527), and continued to develop under the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi spoken in India. Both languages share the same Indo-Aryan base, and are so similar in basic structure, grammar and to large extend vocabulary and phonology, that they appear to be one language. The combined population of Urdu and Standard Hindi speakers is the fourth largest in the world.

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Some articles on Urdu:

List Of Kakazai People
... Pashto کَکا زي / کَکے زي / کاکا زي‎, Urdu, Persian کاکا زَئی / کَکے زَئی / کَکا زَئی ‎) Pashtuns (پشتون / پختون), also known as Loye or Loi Mamund (Ur ...
Non-secular Character of Urdu
... Urdu has some peculiar characteristics where use of certain words is reserved for Muslims ... ) (meaning in position of mercy - Urdu equivalent of "late") is to be used only before Muslim names ...
Samina Raja - Biography
... She gained a master's degree in Urdu Literature from Punjab University in Lahore ... She wrote some books in Urdu prose and edited and translated some valuable works of prose from English to Urdu ... She also presented the literary program Urdu Adab Mein Aurat Ka Kirdar ("The Role of Woman in Urdu Literature") on PTV ...
Shi'a Islam In India - Notable Shia Muslim Personalities of India - Literature
... Mir Anis (1803-1874)– Mir Babar Ali Anis legendary Urdu poet and renowned Marsia writer all over the world ... Mirza Dabeer (1803–1875)– Salamat Ali Dabeer leading Urdu poet of India who excelled and perfected the art of Marsia writing and is considered the leading exponent of. 1195 ) was the leading Urdu poet of his time ...
Saheb Qibla Fultali - Books
... Composed originally in Urdu, it has been translated in Bengali and English ... Anwar-us-Salikeen, an Urdu work in the field of Tasawwuf, explaining the different stages of the path for the seeker, and elucidating on how to nurture oneself in ... Nala’a-e-Qalandar, an Urdu compilation of ode in veneration of the Muhammad Prophet and the Awliya ...

More definitions of "Urdu":

  • (adj): Relating to the Urdu language.
    Example: "Urdu poetry"