Punishment is the authoritative imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person, animal, organization or entity in response to behavior deemed unacceptable by an individual, group or other entity. The authority may be either a group or a single person, and punishment may be carried out formally under a system of law or informally in other kinds of social settings such as within a family. Negative consequences that are not authorized or that are administered without a breach of rules are not considered to be punishment as defined here. The study and practice of the punishment of crimes, particularly as it applies to imprisonment, is called penology, or, often in modern texts, corrections; in this context, the punishment process is euphemistically called "correctional process". Research into punishment often includes similar research into prevention.
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Some articles on punishment:
... Burns, the Supreme Court declined to decide whether capital punishment would classify in Canadian law as a cruel and unusual punishment and therefore a direct violation of ... values of the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment," noting its impossibility to correct (in cases of wrongful conviction) and its perceived "arbitrary ...
... Punishment can be explained by positive prevention theory to use the criminal justice system to teach people what are the social norms for what is correct, and acts as a reinforcement ... Punishment can serve as a means for society to publicly express denunciation of an action as being criminal ...
... members of the Auburn Theological Seminary petitioned to bring the issue of the punishments to the State government ... with the "cat" or six-stranded whip was the most punishment that could be assigned for any one offense.” In 1846 another meeting was congregated to abolish the use of whips as punishment ... directly under an outlet pipe, where water, sometimes iced, would pour down.” Another form of punishment that was allowed was “the yoke” ...
Famous quotes containing the word punishment:
“The punishment which the wise suffer who refuse to take part in the government, is to live under the government of worse men.”
—Plato (428347 B.C.)
“All pain is a punishment, and every punishment is inflicted for love as much as for justice.”
—Joseph De Maistre (17531821)
“All in all, punishment hardens and renders people more insensible; it concentrates; it increases the feeling of estrangement; it strengthens the power of resistance.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)