What is Mishnah?

  • (noun): The first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200.
    Synonyms: Mishna


The Mishnah or Mishna (Hebrew: משנה, "repetition", from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary" (derived from the adj. shani שני) is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions called the "Oral Torah". It is also the first major work of Rabbinic Judaism.

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Some articles on Mishnah:

Loans And Interest In Judaism - In Classical Rabbinical Literature
... The Mishnah carefully tries to prevent evasion of the scriptural injunction against usury, preferring to forbid moral usury to trying to mitigate the scriptural rules in this area ... The Mishnah states that it is not permissible to withhold the whole of something such as a field, for which part of the selling price has already been paid, because any income arising from ... However, the Mishnah does permit the refusal to hand over something for which only partial payment has been received if it had been sold on the terms that payment would be made by a certain date and that date has ...
Development Of The Hebrew Bible Canon - Mishnah
... The Mishnah, compiled at the end of the 2nd century, describes some of the debate over the status of some books of Ketuvim, and in particular whether or not they render the hands "impure" ...
Aveil - Stages of Mourning - Avelut - Shloshim – Thirty Days
... is to coordinate a group of people who will jointly study the complete Mishnah during the shloshim period ... This is due to the fact that "Mishnah" (משנה) and "Neshamah" (נשמה), soul, have the same (Hebrew) letters ... have been formed to assist those who are unable to learn the entire Mishnah ...
Mishnah - Cultural References
... The most notable literary work on the composition of the Mishnah is probably Milton Steinberg's novel As a Driven Leaf ...
Apostomus - The Talmudic Account
... have overtaken the Jews on the Seventeenth of Tammuz, the Mishnah includes "the burning of the Torah by Apostomus" ... The Mishnah referred to adds the following statement to its account of the burning of the Law "And he put up an idol in the sanctuary." Here it is first necessary to determine that the reading ... But the passage in the Mishnah on the five calamities of the Ninth of Ab enumerates them in strictly chronological order so that it is impossible that any reference to the Temple ...