Linguistic discrimination (also called linguicism and languagism) is the unfair treatment of an individual based solely on their use of language. This use of language may include the individual's native language or other characteristics of the person's speech, such as an accent, the size of vocabulary (whether the person uses complex and varied words), and syntax. It may also involve a person's ability or inability to use one language instead of another; for example, one who speaks Japanese in France will probably be treated differently from one who speaks French. Based on a difference in use of language, a person may automatically form judgments about another person's wealth, education, social status, character, and/or other traits. These perceived judgments may then lead to the unjustifiable treatment of the individual.
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Some articles on linguistic discrimination:
... safeguard the fundamental rights of the religious and linguistic minorities, to fulfill the demands of the democratic traditions and to pave the way for ... Dal emphatically urges upon the Janata Government to take cognizance of the different linguistic and cultural sections, religious minorities as also the voice of millions of people and recast the constitutional ... Shiromani Akali Dal for the merger in Punjab of the Punjabi-speaking areas, to be identified by linguistic experts with village as a unit, should be conceded ...
... Germanisation Prussian discrimination of Western Slavs in 19th century, such as the removal of the Polish language from secondary (1874) and primary (1886) schools, the use of corporal ... Quebec's language policies have been frequently noted as linguistic discrimination against the province's Anglophone population (see Legal dispute over Quebec's language ... Discrimination slowly diminished over the decades and formally ended in the 1960s when the Dutch version of the constitution became equal to the French version ...
... In the mid-1980s, Linguist Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, captured this idea of discrimination based on language as the concept of linguicism ...
Famous quotes containing the word linguistic:
“The most striking aspect of linguistic competence is what we may call the creativity of language, that is, the speakers ability to produce new sentences, sentences that are immediately understood by other speakers although they bear no physical resemblance to sentences which are familiar.”
—Noam Chomsky (b. 1928)