What is Gaza?

  • (noun): A coastal region at the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt.
    Example: "He is a Palestinian from Gaza"
    Synonyms: Gaza Strip


Gaza (Arabic: غزة‎ Ġazzah, ), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories. Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC, Gaza has been dominated by several different peoples and empires throughout its history. The Philistines made it a part of their pentapolis after the Ancient Egyptians had ruled it for nearly 350 years. Under the Romans and later the Byzantines, Gaza experienced relative peace and its port flourished. In 635 AD, it became the first city in Palestine to be conquered by the Rashidun army and quickly developed into a centre of Islamic law. However, by the time the Crusaders invaded the city in the late 11th century, it was in ruins. In later centuries, Gaza experienced several hardships—from Mongol raids to floods and locusts, reducing it to a village by the 16th century, when it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. During the first half of Ottoman rule, the Ridwan dynasty controlled Gaza and under them the city went through an age of great commerce and peace.

Read more about Gaza.

Some articles on Gaza:

Free Gaza Movement
... The Free Gaza Movement is a coalition of human rights activists and pro-Palestinian groups formed to challenge the Israeli-Egyptian blockade imposed on the Gaza Strip by sailing humanitarian aid ships ... The organizations participating in the Free Gaza Movement include the International Solidarity Movement ...
History Of Hamas
... Brotherhood movement, which had been active in the Gaza Strip since the 1950s and gained influence through a network of mosques and various charitable and social organizations ... Fatah in a series of violent clashes, and since that time Hamas has governed the Gaza portion of the Palestinian Territories, while at the same time they were ousted from ... Egypt then imposed an economic blockade on Gaza and largely sealed their borders with the territory ...
History Of Hamas - Early Islamic Activism in Gaza
... With its takeover of Gaza after the 1967 war with Egypt, Israel hunted down secular Palestinian Liberation Organization factions, but dropped the ... activists benefited was Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza, who had also formed the Islamist group Mujama al-Islamiya, a charity recognized by Israel ... the organization to build mosques, clubs, schools, and a library in Gaza ...
Riyad Hassan El-Khoudary - Academic and Professional Career - Islamic University – Gaza
... In 1983 El Khoudary returned to Gaza to work at the faculty of Science of the Islamic University of Gaza (IUG) ...
Gaza - International Relations - Twin Towns and Sister Cities
... Gaza is twinned with Dunkirk, France (1996) Tel Aviv, Israel (1998) Turin, Italy (1997) Tabriz, Iran Tromsø, Norway (2001) Cascais, Portugal Barcelona, Spain (1998) Cáceres, Spain (2010) ...