What is caliphate?

  • (noun): The office of a caliph.
    See also — Additional definitions below

Caliphate

A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfa, Turkish: Hilafet) is a Muslim spiritual community led by a supreme religious (and even political) leader known as a caliph (meaning literally a successor, i.e. a successor to the prophet Mohammad). The term caliphate is often applied to successions of Muslim empires that have existed in the Middle East and Southwest Asia. Conceptually the caliphate represents the political unity of the entire community of Muslim faithful (the ummah) ruled by a single caliph. In theory, the organization of a caliphate should be a constitutional republic (the Constitution being the Constitution of Medina), which means that the head of state, the Caliph, and other officials are representatives of the people and of Islam and must govern according to constitutional and religious law, or Sharia. In its early days, the first caliphate resembled elements of direct democracy (see shura) and an elective monarchy.

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Some articles on caliphate:

List Of Muslim Empires And Dynasties - Caliphates
... The Rashidun Caliphate (632–661) The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba in ...
History Of Early Islamic Tunisia - Umayyad Caliphate in Ifriqiya
... The Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) ruled from the city of Damascus their first Caliph Mu'awiya (602-680, r.661-680) directed Muslim forces in their on-going military ... Under Mu'awiya the Umayyad Caliphate could see how the foreign lands west of Egypt figured in the "geo-political" and military strategy of this struggle ...
Caliphate - Famous Caliphs
... For a more comprehensive list, see List of Caliphs ... Abu Bakr – First Rashidun (Four Righteously Guided Caliphs) of the Sunnis ...
Al Artaweeiyah
... Saudi Arabia topics History Ancient Arabia Early Islamic State Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate Ottoman era Emirate of Diriyah Emirate of Nejd Unification Geography Cities ...

More definitions of "caliphate":

  • (noun): The era of Islam's ascendaancy from the death of Mohammed until the 13th century; some Moslems still maintain that the Moslem world must always have a calif as head of the community.
    Example: "Their goal was to reestablish the Caliphate"
  • (noun): The territorial jurisdiction of a caliph.