North Africa

North Africa, Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and often Mauritania are the Maghreb or Maghrib, while Egypt and Sudan are referred to as Nile Valley. Egypt is a transcontinental country by virtue of the Sinai Peninsula, which is in Asia. North Africa also includes a number of Spanish possessions, Ceuta and Melilla (tiny Spanish exclaves or islets off the coast of Morocco). The Canary Islands and the Portuguese Madeira Islands, in the North Atlantic Ocean northwest of the African mainland, are sometimes included in considerations of the region.

The distinction between North Africa and much of Sub-Saharan Africa is historically and ecologically significant because of the effective barrier created by the Sahara. Throughout history this barrier has culturally separated the North from large parts of the rest of the continent. As the seafaring civilizations of the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and others facilitated communication and migration across the Mediterranean, the cultures of North Africa became much more closely tied to Southwestern Asia and Europe than Sub-Saharan Africa. The Islamic influence in the area is significant, and North Africa, along with Somalia, Djibouti and the Middle East, is also a part of the Arab World.

Some researchers have postulated that North Africa, and not East or South Africa, was the original home of the modern humans who first trekked out of the continent.

Read more about North Africa:  Geography, Territories and Regions, People, Culture, Transport and Industry, Recorded Temperature

Other articles related to "north africa, africa":

Lashmer Whistler - World War II - North Africa
... events, through the rest of the fighting in North Africa until the surrender of the Axis forces in Tunisia in May 1943. 1943 German resistance in Tunis had ended and the North Africa campaign finished ...
Timeline Of World War II (1941) - February 1941
... Rommel is appointed head of "German Army troops in Africa." This unit is later to be officially designated as the "Afrika Korps." Germany forcibly restores Pierre Laval to office in Vichy. 9 Mussolini is informed that German reinforcements are on the way to North Africa British forces reach El Agheila, Cyrenaica British battleships shell Genoa and British aircraft attack Livorno ... The British in North Africa have been weakened by the transfer of some troops to Greece ...
Chickenwings - Membership - Africa/Gene Nation
... floods caused by Mikhail Rasputin, some of the remaining Morlocks were relocated to Selima Oasis in North Africa ... It is unknown whether the remaining Morlocks of Africa stayed there or relocated to New York ... D'Gard - Became leader of the Morlocks while in North Africa when he made Storm relinquish her leadership ...
Schlachtgeschwader 1 - North Africa
5th Staffel was transferred to East Prussia in October to rest and refit with the Hs 129B-2 ... It departed for North Africa on 5 November 1942 and arrived in Tunis on 29 November ...

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