Uthman Ibn Affan

Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان‎, strict transliteration: ʻUthmān ibn ʻAffān) (c. 579 – 17 July 656) was one of the companions of Islamic prophet, Muhammad. He played a major role in early Islamic history as the third of the Sunni Rashidun or Rightly Guided Caliphs.

Uthman was born into the Umayyad clan of Mecca, a powerful family of the Quraish tribe. He was a companion of Muhammad who assumed the role of leader (caliph) of the Muslim Empire at the age of 65 following Umar ibn al-Khattab. Under his leadership, the empire expanded into Fars in 650 (present-day Iran), some areas of Khorasan (present-day Afghanistan) in 651 and the conquest of Armenia was begun in the 640s. Some of Uthman's notable achievements were the economic reforms he introduced, and the compilation of the Qur'an into the unified, authoritative text that is known today.

Read more about Uthman Ibn Affan:  Early Life, Caliph Abu Bakr's Era (632–634), Caliph Umar's Era (634–644), Election of Uthman, Reign As A Caliph (644–656), Military Expansion, Anti-Uthman Sentiment, Armed Revolt Against Uthman, Assassination, Family of Uthman, Legacy

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... to Muhammad are Zainab bint Muhammad, married to her maternal cousin Abu al-Aas ibn al-Rabee before al-Hijra ... Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, was first married to Utbah ibn Abu Lahab and then to Uthman ibn Affan ... Uthman ibn Affan would end up being the third Caliph, following the reign of Umar ...
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... in his “al-Mu’jam al saghir,” reports a hadith from ‘Uthman ibn Hunayf that a man repeatedly visited Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him) concerning something he needed, but ... The man met Ibn Hunayf and complained to him about the matter – this being after the death (wisal) of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and after ... you.” So the man left and did as he had been told, then went to the door of Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him), and the doorman came, took him by the hand, brought him to Uthman ibn Affan ...
Uthman Ibn Affan - Legacy - Non-Muslims
... Bernard Lewis, a 20th century scholar, says of Uthman Uthman, like Mu'awiya, was a member of the leading Meccan family of Ummaya and was indeed the ... Uthman soon fell under the influence of the dominant Meccan families and one after another of the high posts of the Empire went to members of those families ... The weakness and nepotism of Uthman brought to a head the resentment which had for some time been stirring obscurely among the Arab warriors ...
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... Shortly after Muhammad arrived from Badr, Uthman bin Maz'oon died and was buried in al-Baqi' ... Earlier Calif Uthman ibn Affan was buried in the huge neighbouring Jewish grave yard ... Muawiyah I in order to honour Uthman ibn Affan, included the huge Jewish grave yard where Calif Uthman ibn Affan was buried into the Al-Baqi' cemetery ...