A strut is a structural component designed to resist longitudinal compression. Struts provide outwards-facing support in their lengthwise direction, which can be used to keep two other components separate, performing the opposite function of a tie. They are commonly used in architecture and engineering, for instance as components of an automobile chassis, where they can be passive braces to reinforce the chassis and/or body, or active components of the suspension. In piping, struts restrain movement of a component in one direction while allowing movement or contraction in another direction.
An automotive suspension strut combines the primary function of a shock absorber (as a damper), with the ability to support sideways loads not along its axis of compression, somewhat similar to a sliding pillar suspension, thus eliminating the need for an upper suspension arm. This means that a strut must have a more rugged design, with mounting points near its middle for attachment of such loads.
The most common form of strut in an automobile is the MacPherson strut. MacPherson struts are often purchased by the automakers in sets of four completed sub-assemblies: These can be mounted on the car bodies as part of the manufacturers' own assembly operations. The MacPherson strut combines a shock absorber and a spring in a single unit, by means of which each wheel is attached to the car body.
Lift struts were commonly used in early aircraft to support wings, stabilizers, control frames in gliders and hang gliders, and in landing gear. Since the 1930s they were mostly replaced with cantilever constructions, and became rare except in light aircraft. These structural members are frequently loaded in tension, but may vary between tension and compression as the aircraft maneuvers.
Struts are still widely used to attach the landing gear, particularly in retractable-gear aircraft, and provide damping during the takeoff and landing roll; here they are often called oleo struts.
Other articles related to "strut":
... ORI Strut, Off-road application of strut Strut bar Wing strut on Piper Pawnee MacPherson Strut suspension Nosewheel oleo strut on Su-30MKI aircraft ...
... "Skat Strut" (Hip Hop Remix) (349) A2 ... "Skat Strut" (LP Version) (341) B1 ... "Skat Strut" (Club Mix) (349) B2 ...
... "Strut" is a song written by Charlie Dore and Julian Littman which was a Top Ten hit single for Sheena Easton in 1984. 1984 as the advance single for the album A Private Heaven, "Strut" reached the Top Ten of the Billboard Hot 100 that November to peak at #7 (its Cash Box peak was #4) ... Like its parent album overall, the "Strut" single and accompanying video signaled Easton's shift towards a more sexually suggestive image ...
... Founded in 2002, STRUT dance is a support organisation for independent Western Australian dance ... STRUT has a membership of around 70 professional contemporary Western Australian dance artists ... Rather than working as a company or a producer, STRUT offers infrastructure support to enable individual practitioners to create and produce their own work ...
... "Stray Cat Strut" is the eighth track on the Stray Cats' debut album, Stray Cats, released in 1981 in the UK ... the October 1998 issue of Guitar World magazine, Brian Setzer's solo from "Stray Cat Strut" ranked #92 on the "Top 100 Guitar Solos of All Time" list ...
Famous quotes containing the word strut:
“The state of society is one in which the members have suffered amputation from the trunk, and strut about so many walking monsters,a good finger, a neck, a stomach, an elbow, but never a man.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“I wish I had feathers, a fine sweeping gown,
And a delicate face, and could strut about Town!
My deara raw country girl, such as you be,
Cannot quite expect that. You aint ruined, said she.”
—Thomas Hardy (18401928)
“It is dangerous for a woman to defy the gods;
To taunt them with the tongues thin tip,
Or strut in the weakness of mere humanity,
Or draw a line daring them to cross;”
—Anne Spencer (18821975)