Social Class


Social class (or simply "class") is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories.

Class is an essential object of analysis for sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists and social historians. However, there is not a consensus on the best definition of the term "class", and the term has different contextual meanings. In common parlance, the term "social class," is usually synonymous with "socio-economic class," defined as: "people having the same social, economic, or educational status," e.g., "the working class"; "an emerging professional class."

The term "class" is etymologically derived from the Latin classis, which was used by census takers to categorize citizens by wealth, in order to determine military service obligations.

In the late 18th century, the term "class" began to replace classifications such as estates, rank, and orders as the primary means of organizing society into hierarchical divisions. This corresponded to a general decrease in significance ascribed to hereditary characteristics, and increase in the significance of wealth and income as indicators of position in the social hierarchy.

Read more about Social Class:  Theoretical Models, Consequences of Class Position, Class Conflict, Relationship Between Race and Class

Other articles related to "social class, social, class":

Social Class in La Baby Sister
... the novela does delve into some pertinent social commentary, most notably involving social class ... A recurring theme in La Baby Sister is the difference in class between Fabiana and Daniel and their respective families ... point, assume that Daniel cannot possibly love Fabiana because she is of a lower social class ...
Society And Culture Of The Han Dynasty - Social Class - Twenty Ranks
... Promotions in rank were decided by the emperor and could occur on special occasions, such as installation of a new emperor, inauguration of a new reign title, the wedding of a new empress, or the selection of a royal heir apparent ... The central government sometimes sold ranks to collect more revenues for the state ...
Bolivians In The United Kingdom - Culture - Community
... is divided along lines of ethnicity and social class ... Furthermore, what social class one actually belongs to in the UK on the basis of one's income and lifestyle is often less relevant than the perception by other Bolivians of what social class one ... United Kingdom, described a situation where her supervisor, who was from a working-class family, still addressed her as seƱora and using the formal 2nd-person pronoun usted, whereas he used the informal ...
Concerted Cultivation - Parenting 'practices' - Race Differences in Parenting
... Though there is evidence that race is linked to class, in parenting, race has a much lesser impact on a child's development than social class ... Social class, wealth, and income have a much more of an effect on what child rearing practices will be used, rather than the race of the parents or children ... The correlation between race and social class comes from the perpetuated inequality in the distribution of wealth in America ...
Social Class - Relationship Between Race and Class
... Racial inequality Race and other large-scale groupings can also influence class standing ... The association of particular ethnic groups with class statuses is common in many societies ... As a result of conquest or internal ethnic differentiation, a ruling class is often ethnically homogenous and particular races or ethnic groups in some societies are legally or ...

Famous quotes containing the words class and/or social:

    The enemy are no match for us in a fair fight.... The young men ... of the upper class are kind-hearted, good-natured fellows, who are unfit as possible for the business they are in. They have courage but no endurance, enterprise, or energy. The lower class are cowardly, cunning, and lazy. The height of their ambition is to shoot a Yankee from some place of safety.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

    Any one who knows what the worth of family affection is among the lower classes, and who has seen the array of little portraits stuck over a labourer’s fireplace ... will perhaps feel with me that in counteracting the tendencies, social and industrial, which every day are sapping the healthier family affections, the sixpenny photograph is doing more for the poor than all the philanthropists in the world.
    Macmillan’s Magazine (London, September 1871)