Melbourne ( /ˈmɛlbərn/) is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2011, the greater geographical area had a population of 4.1 million. Inhabitants of Melbourne are called Melburnians or Melbournians.

The metropolis is located on the large natural bay known as Port Phillip, with the city centre positioned on the estuary of the Yarra River (at the northernmost point of the bay). The metropolitan area then extends south from the city centre, along the eastern and western shorelines of Port Phillip, and expands into the hinterland. The city centre is situated in the municipality known as the City of Melbourne. The metropolitan area consists of a further 30 municipalities.

Melbourne was founded in 1835 (47 years after the European settlement of Australia) by settlers from Launceston in Van Diemen's Land. It was named by Governor of New South Wales Sir Richard Bourke in 1837, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. Melbourne was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847. In 1851, it became the capital city of the newly created colony of Victoria. During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities. After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the interim seat of government of the newly created nation of Australia until 1927.

Often referred to as the "Garden City" and "cultural capital of Australia", Melbourne is the birthplace of cultural institutions such as Australian film (as well as the world's first feature film), Australian television, Australian rules football, the Australian impressionist art movement (known as the Heidelberg School) and Australian dance styles such as New Vogue and the Melbourne Shuffle. It is also a major centre for contemporary and traditional Australian music.

Melbourne was ranked as the world's most liveable city in ratings published by the Economist Group's Intelligence Unit in August 2011 and again in 2012. It was also ranked in the top ten Global University Cities by RMIT's Global University Cities Index (since 2006) and the top 20 Global Innovation Cities by the 2thinknow Global Innovation Agency (since 2007). The metropolis is also home to the world's largest tram network. Melbourne Airport, the main passenger airport, is the second busiest in Australia and the Port of Melbourne is Australia's busiest seaport for containerised and general cargo.

Read more about Melbourne:  History, Urban Structure, Environment, Culture, Sport, Economy, Demographics, Education, Media, Religion, Governance

Other articles related to "melbourne":

Epping, Victoria
... Epping is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 22 km north from Melbourne's Central Business District ... hills, which provide an excellent view of Melbourne ...
Frost (Australian Band)
... FROST is an Australian pop rock band formed in 1997 in Melbourne ... Frost will appear on the Sound of Melbourne Records release in 2011 ... http// - Sound of Melbourne (2011) by Aus Sound of Melbourne Records ...
Frank Thring - Early Life
... Thring was born in Melbourne, the son of F ... Thring and Olive (née Kreitmeyer), and educated at the Melbourne Grammar School ... His father was the head of Efftee Studios, in Melbourne, in the 1920s and 30s, and is said to be the inventor of the clapperboard ...
East Richmond Railway Station, Melbourne - Station Overview - Facilities
... Due to its location at the city end of Melbourne's busiest group of railway lines a large number of services pass through East Richmond although only a limited number stop, largely because of its proximity to ...
Melbourne, Kentucky - Demographics
... There were 128 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...