Crohn's Disease

Crohn's disease, also known as regional enteritis, is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms. It primarily causes abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is at its worst), vomiting (can be continuous), or weight loss, but may also cause complications outside the gastrointestinal tract such as skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness, and lack of concentration. Crohn's disease is caused by interactions between environmental, immunological and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals. This results in a chronic inflammatory disorder, in which the body's immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract possibly directed at microbial antigens. Crohn's disease has wrongly been described as an autoimmune disease in the past, recent investigators have described it as an immune deficiency state.

There is a genetic association with Crohn's disease, primarily with variations of the NOD2 gene and its protein, which senses bacterial cell walls. Siblings of affected individuals are at higher risk. Males and females are equally affected. Smokers are two times more likely to develop Crohn's disease than nonsmokers. Crohn's disease affects between 400,000 and 600,000 people in North America. Prevalence estimates for Northern Europe have ranged from 27–48 per 100,000. Crohn's disease tends to present initially in the teens and twenties, with another peak incidence in the fifties to seventies, although the disease can occur at any age. There is no known pharmaceutical or surgical cure for Crohn's disease. Treatment options are restricted to controlling symptoms, maintaining remission, and preventing relapse. The disease was named after gastroenterologist Burrill Bernard Crohn, who, in 1932, together with two other colleagues at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, described a series of patients with inflammation of the terminal ileum, the area most commonly affected by the illness.

Read more about Crohn's Disease:  Classification, Signs and Symptoms, Cause, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management, Prognosis, Epidemiology, History, Research

Other articles related to "disease, crohn, diseases":

Stomach Disease - Chronic Disorders - Crohn's Disease
... Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the digestive tract, even the stomach, although it's a rare presentation ... It is possible for symptoms of Crohn's Disease to remain with a person for weeks or go away on their own ...
Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America - Research
... Four decades ago, CCFA created the field of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis research ... areas of research to find the causes of and cures for Crohn’s and colitis ... CCFA has provided more than $150 million for Crohn's and colitis research to date ...
Burrill Bernard Crohn
... Crohn (June 13, 1884 – July 29, 1983) was an American gastroenterologist and one of the first to describe the disease for which he is known, Crohn's disease ...
Antoni Leśniowski
... been the earliest reports of the condition which later became known as Crohn's disease ... reports were on several cases of inflammatory bowel disease ... in which he described several cases of intestinal disease, concluding in at least one case "we suspected a chronic inflammatory process in the wall of the ...
Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America - About Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
... Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are painful, medically incurable diseases that attack the digestive system ... Crohn's disease may attack anywhere from the mouth to the anus, while ulcerative colitis inflames only the large intestine (colon) ... can cause severe complications, including colon cancer in patients with long-term disease ...

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