Cholera is an infection in the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The main symptoms are profuse, watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated by the feces of an infected person, including one with no apparent symptoms. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, and death in some cases. The primary treatment is oral rehydration therapy, typically with oral rehydration solution (ORS), to replace water and electrolytes. If this is not tolerated or does not provide improvement fast enough, intravenous fluids can also be used. Antibacterial drugs are beneficial in those with severe disease to shorten its duration and severity. Worldwide, it affects 3–5 million people and causes 100,000–130,000 deaths a year as of 2010. Cholera was one of the earliest infections to be studied by epidemiological methods.

Read more about CholeraSigns and Symptoms, Cause, Mechanism, Diagnosis, Prevention, Treatment, Prognosis, Epidemiology, History, Notable Cases

Other articles related to "cholera":

Sambhu Nath De - Post-retirement
... De’s desire to purify the cholera toxin did not progress any further as the protein purification technology was not well established in his research settings ... reason why De could not continue his research on purification of cholera toxin ... Nobel Foundation invited De to participate in the 43rd Nobel Symposium on Cholera and Related Diarrhoeas ...
Sxy 5' UTR Element - TfoR RNA
... In the fellow gammaproteobacterium Vibrio cholera, a different RNA regulatory system is used ... cholera ... cholera in vivo ...
Cholera - Notable Cases
... has traditionally been attributed to cholera, most probably contracted through drinking contaminated water several days earlier ... Since the water was not boiled and cholera was affecting Saint Petersburg, such a connection is quite plausible..." Tchaikovsky's mother died of cholera, and his father became sick with ... After one year, this marks the worst cholera outbreak in recent history, as well as the best documented cholera outbreak in modern public health ...
Mario Joseph - United Nations Cholera Lawsuit
... on behalf of victims of the 2010–2011 Haiti cholera outbreak, allegedly introduced to Haiti by UN troops in October 2010 ... Stabilization Mission in Haiti base in Mirebalis as the source of the cholera outbreak ... the force as "the proximate cause of cholera" ...
Seventh Cholera Pandemic (1961-1975)
... The seventh cholera pandemic was the seventh major outbreak of cholera and occurred from the years 1961 to the 1970s and has continued (though much diminished) to the present ... There were also many reports of a cholera outbreak near Baku in 1972, but information about it was suppressed in the USSR ...

Famous quotes containing the word cholera:

    Love isn’t actually a feeling at all—it’s an illness, a certain condition of body and soul.... Usually it takes possession of someone without his permission, all of a sudden, against his will—just like cholera or a fever.
    Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev (1818–1883)

    “... In truth I find it ridiculous that a man of his intelligence suffer over this type of person, who is not even interesting, for she is said to be foolish”, she added with all the wisdom of people who are not in love, who find that a sensible man should only be unhappy over a person who is worthwhile; it is almost tantamount to being surprised that anyone deign having cholera for having been infected with a creature as small as the vibrio bacilla.
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