Infection is the invasion of a host organism's bodily tissues by disease-causing organisms, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce. Infections are caused by microorganisms such as viruses, prions, bacteria, and viroids, and larger organisms like macroparasites and fungi.
Hosts can fight infections using their immune system. Mammalian hosts react to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation, followed by an adaptive response. Pharmaceuticals can also help fight infections.
The branch of medicine that focuses on infections and pathogens is infectious disease medicine.
Other articles related to "infection, infections":
... Evidence of infection in fossil remains is a subject of interest for paleopathologists, scientists who study occurrences of injuries and illness in extinct life forms ... Signs of infection have been discovered in the bones of carnivorous dinosaurs ... When present, however, these infections seem to tend to be confined to only small regions of the body ...
... In order to most effectively control infection by M ... Another strategy would be to plant resistant rice varieties that are not as susceptible to infection by M ... mobility thus dampening the opportunity for infection ...
... the immune system, which may lead to opportunistic infections such as candidiasis ... Early in infection, production of TNF-alpha, a cellular product that promotes inflammation and immune response, is suppressed ... Late in infection, however, production of this substance can be upregulated by 30 fold, which is likely responsible for the "toxic shock-like" syndrome seen in some severe cases of ...
... The infection can be spread in a multitude of ways from bodlily fluids to sound waves ... Both humans and animals are susceptible to infection and is implied through the show the aliens wish to terraform the whole world to suit their needs ... signal and they include Infectee Humans who were exposed to the infection and have been converted into "aliens" ...
Famous quotes containing the word infection:
“What, then, was war? No mere discord of flags
But an infection of the common sky
That sagged ominously upon the earth”
—Robert Graves (18951985)
“This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle,
This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars,
This other Eden, demi-paradise,
This fortress built by nature for herself
Against infection and the hand of war,
This happy breed of men, this little world,
This precious stone set in the silver sea,
Which serves it in the office of a wall,
Or as a moat defensive to a house
Against the envy of less happier lands;
This blessèd plot, this earth, this realm, this England.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“No science is immune to the infection of politics and the corruption of power.”
—Jacob Bronowski (19081974)