African Elephant

African Elephant

African elephants are the elephants of the genus Loxodonta (Greek for 'oblique-sided tooth'), consisting of two extant species: the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant. Loxodonta is one of the two existing genera in the family Elephantidae. Although it is commonly believed that the genus was named by Georges Cuvier in 1825, Cuvier spelled it "Loxodonte". An anonymous author romanized the spelling to "Loxodonta", and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) recognizes this as the proper authority.

Fossil members of Loxodonta have only been found in Africa, where they developed in the middle Pliocene.

Read more about African Elephant:  Description, Distribution and Habitat, Classification, Behavior, Conservation

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Elephant - Taxonomy - Classification, Species and Subspecies
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... ban in the trade in ivory in 1990 the African elephant population was more than halved from 1.3 million to around 600,000 ... There, the estimated elephant population was 400,000 as recently as 1970, but by 2006 the number had dwindled to about 10,000 ... The African elephant nominally has governmental protection, but poaching for the ivory trade can devastate populations ...
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