Zanzibar ( /ˈzænzɨbɑr/; from Arabic: زنجبار‎ Zanjibār, from Persian: زنگبار‎ Zangibār "Coast of Blacks"; zangi + bār ) is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, in East Africa. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar), and Pemba.

The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja, is Zanzibar City. Its historic centre, known as Stone Town, is a World Heritage Site and is claimed to be the only functioning ancient town in East Africa.

Zanzibar's main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism. In particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper. For this reason, the islands, together with Tanzania's Mafia Island, are sometimes called the Spice Islands (a term also associated with the Maluku Islands in Indonesia). Zanzibar is the home of the endemic Zanzibar Red Colobus Monkey, the Zanzibar Servaline Genet, and the (possibly extinct) Zanzibar Leopard.

Read more about Zanzibar:  Government, Politics, Geography, Climate, Standard of Living and Health, Religion, Economy, Education, Energy, Culture, Notable People, Gallery

Other articles related to "zanzibar":

Zanzibar - Gallery
... A Zanzibar beach Stone Town Stone Town with Sultan's Palace Cloves have played a significant role in the history of Zanzibar's economy House of Wonders Zanzibar East ...
Lloyd Mathews - Later Life
... Mathews died of malaria in Zanzibar on 11 October 1901 and was buried with full military honours in the British cemetery outside Zanzibar Town ... Mathews House, at the Western end of Zanzibar Town, is also named for him ...
State University Of Zanzibar
... State University of Zanzibar (SUZA) is located on Unguja island in Zanzibar, Tanzania ... The university was established by an act of House of Representatives of Zanzibar in 1999 and became operational in 2002 ...
Lloyd Mathews - First Minister
... In October 1891, upon the formation of the first constitutional government in Zanzibar, Mathews was appointed First Minister, despite some hostility from Sultan Ali bin Said ... Mathews was also known as the "Strong man of Zanzibar" ... Mathews was rewarded by the Zanzibar government for his role with his appointment as a first class member of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar, which he was ...