What are indigenous peoples?

Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous peoples primarily refers to ethnic groups that have historical ties to groups that existed in a territory prior to colonization or formation of a nation state, and which normally preserve a degree of cultural and political separation from the mainstream culture and political system of the nation state within the border of which the indigenous group is located. The political sense of the term defines these groups as particularly vulnerable to exploitation and oppression by nation states. As a result, a special set of political rights in accordance with international law have been set forth by international organizations such as the United Nations, the International Labour Organization and the World Bank. The United Nations have issued a Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to protect the collective rights of indigenous peoples to their culture, identity, language, employment, health, education and natural resources. Depending on which precise definition of "indigenous people" used, and on the census, estimates of a world total population of Indigenous people range from 220 million Indigenous peoples in 1997 to 350 million in 2004.

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Some articles on indigenous peoples:

Sami Culture - Sami Policy - Norway
... The Sami have been recognized as an indigenous people in Norway (1990 according to ILO convention 169 as described below), and hence, according to international law, the Sami people in Norway are ... It is the responsibility of the authorities of the State to create conditions enabling the Sami people to preserve and develop its language, culture and way of life." This provides a legal and political ... The Sami Act provides special rights for the Sami people (ibid.) "...the Samis shall have their own national Sami Parliament elected by and amongst the Samis" (Chapter 1 ...
Indigenous Peoples - Viewpoints - Non-indigenous Viewpoints
... Indigenous peoples have been denoted primitives, savages, or uncivilized ... During the 17th century, indigenous peoples were commonly labeled "uncivilized" ... Some philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes considered indigenous people to be merely 'savages', while others are purported to have considered them to be "noble savages" ...
Columbia River Geobox - Indigenous Peoples
... Many different Native Americans and First Nations peoples have a historical and continuing presence on the Columbia ... The Sinixt or Lakes people lived on the lower stretch of the Canadian portion, while above that the Shuswap people (Secwepemc in their own language) reckon the whole ... and Nch’i-Wàna to the Sahaptin-speaking peoples of its middle course in present-day Washington The river is known as swah'netk'qhu by the Sinixt people, who live ...
Conservation Refugee - Definition - Indigenous Peoples
... The World Council of Indigenous Peoples (WCIP), began by Chief George Manuel of the Shoswap Nation, held its first conference in British Columbia in 1975 ... Some Indigenous peoples fought back politically, by having a voice at important conservation meeting and other such meeting that affect them ... the congress, he expressed, ‘we are enemies of conservation.’ Their nomadic people have lost most of their grazing lands over the last thirty years ...
Sami Culture - Sami Policy - Russia
... Russia has not adopted the ILO Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, C169 ... Governance of indigenous groups, and especially collection of taxes from them, necessitated protection of indigenous peoples against exploitation by traders and settlers ... Article 69 states, "The Russian Federation guarantees the rights of small indigenous peoples in accordance with the generally accepted principles and standards of international law and international treaties of ...

Famous quotes containing the words peoples and/or indigenous:

    The English are probably more capable than most peoples of making revolutionary change without bloodshed. In England, if anywhere, it would be possible to abolish poverty without destroying liberty.
    George Orwell (1903–1950)

    All climates agree with brave Chanticleer. He is more indigenous even than the natives. His health is ever good, his lungs are sound, his spirits never flag.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)