The United Fruit Company was an American corporation that traded in tropical fruit (primarily bananas) grown on Central and South American plantations and sold in the United States and Europe. The company was formed in 1899 from the merger of Minor C. Keith's banana-trading concerns with Andrew W. Preston's Boston Fruit Company. It flourished in the early and mid-20th century and came to control vast territories and transportation networks in Central America, the Caribbean coast of Colombia, Ecuador, and the West Indies. Though it competed with the Standard Fruit Company for dominance in the international banana trade, it maintained a virtual monopoly in certain regions, some of which came to be called banana republics.
It had a deep and long-lasting impact on the economic and political development of several Latin American countries. Critics often accused it of exploitative neocolonialism and described it as the archetypal example of the influence of a multinational corporation on the internal politics of the banana republics. After a period of financial decline, United Fruit was merged with Eli M. Black's AMK in 1970 to become the United Brands Company. In 1984, Carl Lindner, Jr. transformed United Brands into the present-day Chiquita Brands International.
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1928, stated “ I have been following Santa Marta fruit strike through United Fruit Company representative here also through Minister of Foreign ... was unduly hasty in protecting the interests of the United Fruit Company ... honor to report that the legal advisor of the United Fruit Company here in Bogotá stated yesterday that the total number of strikers killed by the ...
... The United Fruit Company (UFCO) was a politically powerful multinational company that exported fruit such as bananas and pineapples mainly from Latin American banana-growing countries to the United States and ... be obligated to work no more than eight hours per day and six days per week, and that the company stop the use of “food coupons”, or scrip ... troops to protect the economic interests of the United Fruit Company ...
... He joined the United States Rubber Development Corporation and worked on the collection of rubber from wild Hevea trees in the Colombian Amazon ... an account of the Orchidaceae (orchid family) for the Flora of Panama before joining the United Fruit Company in Costa Rica ... returning to Central America to teach at the United Fruit Company's Escuela Agricola Panamericana near Tegucigalpa in Honduras ...
... Venus (1903) United Fruit Company's first refrigerated banana ship San Jose, Limon Esparta (1904) first banana reefers built to United Fruit design - San ...
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