Guatemala

Guatemala (US i/ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə/ GWAH-tə-MAH-lə, UK /ˌɡwætɪˈmɑːlə/ GWA-ti-MAH-lə), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala ), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. Its area is 108,890 km2 (42,043 mi2) with an estimated population of 13,276,517.

A representative democracy, its capital is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City. Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The former Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish. They had lived in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and eastern parts of El Salvador.

Guatemala became independent from Spain in 1821. After it became an independent country in its own right, it was ruled by a series of dictators, assisted by the United Fruit Company. The late 20th century saw Guatemala embroiled in a 36-year-long civil war. Following the war, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections. In the most recent election, held in 2011, Otto Pérez Molina of the Patriotic Party won the presidency.

Read more about Guatemala:  Etymology, Geography, Demographics, Economy, Culture

Other articles related to "guatemala":

Guatemala Biodiversity
... According to Parkswatch and the IUCN, Guatemala is considered the fifth biodiversity hotspot in the world ... Over one third of Guatemala (36.3% or about 39,380 km²) is forested (2005) ... Guatemala has 7 wetlands of international importance that were included in the Ramsar List ...
Guatemala - Culture - Journalism
... There are seven national newspapers in TV, some of them being Noti7, Telecentro Trece and Noticiero Guatevision ... The Guatemala Times is a digital English news magazine ...
Jorge Roldán - National Team
... qualifying, and four years later, as FIFA did not accept Guatemala's entry to World Cup qualification, he missed another chance to play at World Cup qualifying level ... In March 1967 Roldán captained the Guatemala squad competing at the 1967 CONCACAF Championship, managed by his mentor Rubén Amorín ... One year later, as Guatemala attempted to qualify to the 1968 Olympic tournament, he scored a goal against Costa Rica in a 2-3 loss on 26 May ...
Freddy García (footballer)
... is a Guatemalan professional footballer currently playing for Deportivo Heredia in the Guatemala's top division ... Also a member of the Guatemala national team, he has played in four World Cup qualifying campaigns, and is among Guatemala's all-time top scorers ...
Water Supply And Sanitation In Guatemala - History and Recent Events
... civil war In 1996 the government of Guatemala and the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity, the guerilla movement, signed a peace accord which ... While many improvements have been made since the end of the war, Guatemala continually suffers from political violence and corruption, drug trafficking, and a large trade deficit ... of a legal and institutional framework for managing water resources in Guatemala ...