Theseus

Theseus /ˈθiːsiːəs/ (Ancient Greek: Θησεύς ) was the mythical founder-king of Athens, son of Aethra, and fathered by Aegeus and Poseidon, both of whom Aethra had slept with in one night. Theseus was a founder-hero, like Perseus, Cadmus, or Heracles, all of whom battled and overcame foes that were identified with an archaic religious and social order. As Heracles was the Dorian hero, Theseus was the Athenian founding hero, considered by them as their own great reformer: his name comes from the same root as θεσμός ("thesmos"), Greek for "institution". He was responsible for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens, represented emblematically in his journey of labours, subduing highly localized ogres and monstrous beasts. Because he was the unifying king, Theseus built and occupied a palace on the fortress of the Acropolis that may have been similar to the palace that was excavated in Mycenae. Pausanias reports that after the synoikismos, Theseus established a cult of Aphrodite Pandemos ("Aphrodite of all the People") and Peitho on the southern slope of the Acropolis.

Plutarch's vita (a literalistic biography) of Theseus makes use of varying accounts of the death of the Minotaur, Theseus' escape, and the love of Ariadne for Theseus. Plutarch's sources, not all of whose texts have survived independently, included Pherecydes (mid-sixth century BC), Demon (ca 300 BC), Philochorus, and Cleidemus (both fourth century BC).

Read more about Theseus:  Early Years, Medea and The Marathonian Bull, Androgeus and The Pallantides, The Myth of Theseus and The Minotaur, Ship of Theseus, Theseus and Pirithous, Hippolyta, Phaedra and Hippolytus, Other Stories and His Death

Other articles related to "theseus":

Morpho Theseus
... The Theseus Morpho (Morpho theseus) is a Neotropical butterfly ... It is found in Panama, Costa Rica, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras and Guatemala ...
Theseus (disambiguation)
... Theseus was the king of Athens ... The name may also refer to HMS Theseus, three ships of the Royal Navy Bristol Theseus, an aircraft engine Theseus Faversham, a character in the radio comedy The Penny Dreadfuls Present.. ... "Theseus", a song by Patrick Wolf from The Bachelor Theseus (film), an upcoming film ...
Catullus 64
... to the desertion of Ariadne by the legendary Theseus ... Although the poem implies that Theseus and Ariadne were in love, in reality the text never explicitly states that Theseus even looked at Ariadne ...
Theseus - Adaptations of The Myth - Film and Television
... Theseus is played by Bob Mathias in the 1960 film Minotaur, the Wild Beast of Crete, and by Tom Hardy in the 2006 film Minotaur ... Soviet cartoon, "The Labyrinth", covers the titular adventure as well as Theseus's encounters with the Crommyonian sow and Procrustes ... In the 2011 Tarsem Singh film, Immortals, Theseus (played by Henry Cavill) leads a war against the mortal king Hyperion (played by Mickey Rourke) of Heraklion ...
Morpho Theseus - Description
... "Morpho theseus apparently replaces hercules in Central America and the Andean region ... Note Morpho amphitryon, which was considered a race of Morpho theseus by Fruhstorfer also has the "pointed teeth" or scalloping ... -theseus Deyr ...