South Korea ( listen), officially the Republic of Korea (Hangul: 대한민국; Daehan Minguk listen), is a sovereign state located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name "Korea" is derived from Goryeo, a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages. Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone with a predominantly mountainous terrain. It covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 9,794,304.
Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was occupied by the Lower Paleolithic period (2.6 Ma-300 Ka). Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC by the legendary Dan-gun. Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla 668 AD, Korea went through the Goryeo Dynasty and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910, when it was annexed by Japan. After liberation and occupation by Soviet and U.S. forces at the end of World War II, the nation was divided into North and South Korea. The latter was established in 1948 as a democracy, though political turmoil and times of military rule and martial law characterized much of the period until the foundation of the Sixth Republic in 1987.
After the invasion of South Korea by forces from the North on June 25, 1950, the resulting war between the two Koreas ended with an Armistice Agreement. The border between the two nations remains the most heavily fortified in the world. In the decades that followed, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country was transformed into a major economy, a full democracy and a regional power in East Asia.
South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of seventeen administrative divisions and is a developed country with a very high standard of living. It is Asia's fourth largest economy and the world's 15th (nominal) or 12th (purchasing power parity) largest economy. The economy is export-driven, with production focusing on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, and OECD. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit.
Other articles related to "south korea, south, korea":
... Daejang is senior to South Korea's three other General and Admiral ranks Chunjang (Brigadier General / Rear Admiral Lower Half and formerly Commodore and Commodore Admiral), Sojang (Major General / Rear Admiral Upper ... South Korean generals wear one to four stars as a badge of rank ... nine) officers of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces in active service hold the rank of Daejang ...
... in Fukui Port in Fukui Prefecture and then continued to South Korea via Taiwan ... They later settled in South Korea ... The group had been sailing for five days towards South Korea but had drifted towards the Noto Peninsula ...
... Approximate total number of defectors from 1953 to 2012 24,608 Partial Statistics Year Defectors until 2002. 1,138 2003 1,281 2004 1,894 2005 1,383 2006 2,018 2007 2,544 2008 2,809 2009 2,927 2010 2,379 2011 2,737 2012 1,509 Source Ministry of Unification, South Korea. ...
3 December 10 Vietnam 0 Japan 3 Bronze medal match December 8 Thailand 0 South Korea 1 Chinese Taipei 3 Thailand 3 Thailand 0 December 12 Pos 5–8 match Pos 5–6 match ...
... Main article Sport in South Korea The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea ... Football has traditionally been regarded as the most popular sport in Korea ... Recent polling indicates that a majority, 40.6%, of South Korean sports fans continue to self-identify as football fans, with baseball ranked second at 25.3% of respondents ...
Famous quotes containing the word south:
“Up from the South at break of day,
Bringing to Winchester fresh dismay,
The affrighted air with a shudder bore,
Like a herald in haste, to the chieftains door,
The terrible grumble, and rumble, and roar,
Telling the battle was on once more,
And Sheridan twenty miles away.”
—Thomas Buchanan Read (18221872)