Coordinates: 30°N 103°E / 30°N 103°E / 30; 103
|Abbreviations: 川 or 蜀 (pinyin: Chuān or Shǔ
Sichuanese: Cuan1 or Su2)
|Origin of name||Short for 川峡四路 chuānxiá sìlù
literally "The Four Circuits
of the Rivers and Gorges",
referring to the four circuits during the Song Dynasty
(and largest city)
|CPC Ctte Secretary||Liu Qibao|
|Area||485,000 km2 (187,000 sq mi) (5th)|
|- Latitude||25° 58' to 34° 19' N|
|- Longitude||97° 21' to 108° 32' E|
180 /km2 (470 /sq mi) (22nd)
- per capita
|CNY 2.15 trillion
US$ 340 billion (9th)
US$ 3,129 (25th)
|HDI (2008)||0.763 (medium) (24th)|
|Ethnic composition||Han - 95%
Yi - 2.6%
Tibetan - 1.5%
Qiang - 0.4%
|Languages and dialects||Sichuanese|
|Prefectural level||21 divisions|
|County level||181 divisions|
|Township level*||5011 divisions|
|Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *|
|Template • Discussion • WikiProject China|
|Postal Map||Szechwan or Szechuan|
Sichuan (Chinese: 四川, known formerly in the West by its postal map spellings of Szechwan or Szechuan) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the southwest of the country. The current name of the province, "四川", is an abbreviation of "四川路" (Sì Chuānlù), or "Four circuits of rivers", which is itself abbreviated from "川峡四路" (Chuānxiá Sìlù), or "Four circuits of rivers and gorges", named after the division of the existing circuit into four during the Northern Song Dynasty. The capital is Chengdu, a key economic centre of Western China.
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