Sichuan

Sichuan

Coordinates: 30°N 103°E / 30°N 103°E / 30; 103

Sichuan Province
四川省
Abbreviations: 川 or 蜀 (pinyin: Chuān or Shǔ
Sichuanese: Cuan1 or Su2)
Origin of name Short for 川峡四路 chuānxiá sìlù
literally "The Four Circuits
of the Rivers and Gorges",
referring to the four circuits during the Song Dynasty
Administration type Province
Capital
(and largest city)
Chengdu
CPC Ctte Secretary Liu Qibao
Governor Jiang Jufeng
Area 485,000 km2 (187,000 sq mi) (5th)
- Latitude 25° 58' to 34° 19' N
- Longitude 97° 21' to 108° 32' E
Population (2010)
- Density
87,250,000 (4th)
180 /km2 (470 /sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (2011)

- per capita
CNY 2.15 trillion
US$ 340 billion (9th)
CNY 21,182
US$ 3,129 (25th)
HDI (2008) 0.763 (medium) (24th)
Ethnic composition Han - 95%
Yi - 2.6%
Tibetan - 1.5%
Qiang - 0.4%
Languages and dialects Sichuanese
Prefectural level 21 divisions
County level 181 divisions
Township level* 5011 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-51
Official website
http://www.sichuan.gov.cn/
(Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *
Template • Discussion • WikiProject China
Sichuan
Chinese 四川
Hanyu Pinyin Sìchuān
Sichuanese Pinyin Si4cuan1
Postal Map Szechwan or Szechuan
Transcriptions
Hakka
- Romanization Si-tshôn
Mandarin
- Hanyu Pinyin Sìchuān
- IPA
- Sichuanese Pinyin Si4cuan1
Min
- Hokkien POJ Sù-chhoan
Wu
- Romanization sy3tshoe1
Cantonese (Yue)
- Jyutping sei3cyun1

Sichuan (Chinese: 四川, known formerly in the West by its postal map spellings of Szechwan or Szechuan) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the southwest of the country. The current name of the province, "四川", is an abbreviation of "四川路" (Sì Chuānlù), or "Four circuits of rivers", which is itself abbreviated from "川峡四路" (Chuānxiá Sìlù), or "Four circuits of rivers and gorges", named after the division of the existing circuit into four during the Northern Song Dynasty. The capital is Chengdu, a key economic centre of Western China.

Read more about Sichuan:  History, Subdivisions, Geography, Politics, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Tourism, Notable People, Sports, Sister States and Regions

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