Yangtze River

The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang (English /ˈjæŋtsi/ or /ˈjɑːŋtsi/; Mandarin ) is the longest river in Asia, and the third longest in the world. It flows for 6,418 kilometres (3,988 mi) from the glaciers on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in Qinghai eastward across southwest, central and eastern China before emptying into the East China Sea at Shanghai. It is also one of the biggest rivers by discharge volume in the world. The Yangtze drains one-fifth of the land area of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its river basin is home to one-third of the PRC's population.

Along with the Yellow River, the Yangtze is the most important river in the history, culture and economy of China. The prosperous Yangtze River Delta generates as much as 20% of the PRC's GDP. The Yangtze River flows through a wide array of ecosystems and is itself habitat to several endemic and endangered species including the Chinese alligator and the Yangtze sturgeon. For thousands of years, people have used the river for water, irrigation, sanitation, transportation, industry, boundary-marking and war. The Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.

In recent years, the river has suffered from industrial pollution, agricultural run-off, siltation, and loss of wetland and lakes, which exacerbates seasonal flooding. Some sections of the river are now protected as nature reserves. A stretch of the Yangtze flowing through deep gorges in western Yunnan is part of the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Read more about Yangtze RiverNames, Geography, Characteristics, History, Major Cities Along The River, Crossings, Dams, Tributaries, Protected Areas, Wildlife

Other articles related to "yangtze river, river, yangtze":

Yangtze River - Wildlife
... Due to commercial use of the river, tourism, and pollution, the Yangtze is home to at least four critically endangered species of large animals The Chinese ... In December 2006, the Yangtze River Dolphin was declared functionally extinct after an extensive search of the river revealed no signs of the dolphin's inhabitance ... In 2007, a large, white animal was sighted and photographed in the lower Yangtze, and was tentatively presumed to be a Baiji ...
Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge
... The Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge (Chinese 武汉长江二桥, Wuhan Changjiang Er Qiao) is a bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, Hubei province, China ...
Second Encirclement Campaign Against Honghu Soviet - First Stage
... of the nationalist 48th Division crossed the Yangtze River and attacked the communist base on the southern bank of the Yangtze River ... into two, operating on both banks of the Yangtze River, and once the nationalists were stretched out to thin, the communists would counterattack ... their base on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and reestablish their base in the northern bank of the Yangtze River when possible, and if the ...
Chinese Sturgeon - Protection and Research - Re-population Program
... The Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences in Jingzhou is one agency charged with breeding sturgeons in captivity for restoring the river population ... sturgeon fry, 200 junior sturgeon and two adult fish were released into the Yangtze River at Yichang. 14 young sturgeon were surveyed near the mouth of Yangtze compared with 600 the year before, causing concern that effort was a losing battle in the crowded and polluted Yangtze river ...
Tibet (1912–1951) - Foreign Relations
... Eastern Kham, separated by the Yangtze River, was under the control of Chinese warlord Liu Wenhui ... A truce set the border at the Yangtze River ... At this time, the government of Tibet controlled all of Ü-Tsang and Kham west of the Yangtze River, roughly the same borders as the Tibet Autonomous Region has today ...

Famous quotes related to yangtze river:

    In the Yangtze River waves push the waves ahead; so in life new people constantly replace the old ones.
    Chinese proverb.