Nanjing

Nanjing

Nanjing (Chinese: 南京; pinyin: Nánjīng; Wade–Giles: Nan-ching) is the capital of Jiangsu province in eastern China and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having been the capital of China on several occasions. Its present name means "Southern Capital" and was widely romanized as Nankin and Nanking until the Pinyin language reform, after which Nanjing was gradually adopted as the standard spelling of the city's name in most languages that use the Roman alphabet.

Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities. It is recognized as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. It was the capital of Sun Quan's Wu during the Three Kingdoms Period and the capital of the Republic of China prior to its flight to Taiwan during the Chinese Civil War. Nanjing is also one of the fifteen sub-provincial cities in the People's Republic of China's administrative structure, enjoying jurisdictional and economic autonomy only slightly less than that of a province. Nanjing has long been a national centre of education, research, transport networks and tourism. The city will host the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics.

With an urban population of over seven million (2011), Nanjing is the second-largest commercial centre in the East China region after Shanghai. It has been ranked seventh in the evaluation of "Cities with Strongest Comprehensive Strength" issued by the National Statistics Bureau, and second in the evaluation of cities with most sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It has also been awarded the title of 2008 Habitat Scroll of Honour of China, Special UN Habitat Scroll of Honour Award and National Civilized City.

Read more about NanjingGeography, Government, Demographics, Transportation, Culture and Art, Sports and Stadiums, Tourism, Education

Other articles related to "nanjing":

List Of Nanjing University People - Related
... Nanjing University alumni Nanjing University faculty Nanjing University Presidents ...
Southern Ming Dynasty - Koxinga
... Koxinga chose Nanjing, which was emperor Hongwu's choice of a state capital, which would naturally have a large anti-Qing population ... Nanjing was also an important strategic location ... and the twelve year of Yongli, Koxinga led an army of 100,000 soldiers and 290 warships to attack Nanjing, leaving a small military force for the defence of Xiamen Koxinga's military force ...
Nanjing - International Relations - Sister Cities and Friendship Cities - Former Sister Cities and Friendship Cities
... Nagoya, Japan (suspended on February 21, 2012 after Nanjing Massacre denialist statements by Mayor Takashi Kawamura) ...
List Of Universities And Colleges In Jiangsu - Jiangsu Provincial
... Nanjing Arts Institute (南京艺术学院) Nanjing College for Population Programme Management (南京人口管理干部学院) Nanjing Forestry University (南京林业大学) Nanjing Medical University ...
List Of International Schools In The People's Republic Of China - Nanjing
... The British School of Nanjing Nanjing International School EtonHouse International School. ...