Scottish clans (from Gaelic clann, "progeny"), give a sense of identity and shared descent to people in Scotland and to their relations throughout the world, with a formal structure of Clan Chiefs recognised by the court of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms which acts as an authority concerning matters of heraldry and Coat of Arms. Most clans have their own tartan patterns, usually dating from the 19th century, and members of the clan may wear kilts, plaids, sashes, ties, scarves, or other items of clothing made of the appropriate tartan as a badge of membership and as a uniform where appropriate.
The modern image of clans, each with their "own" tartan and specific land, was promulgated by the Scottish author Sir Walter Scott and others. Historically, tartan designs were associated with Lowland and Highland districts whose weavers tended to produce cloth patterns favoured in those districts. By process of social evolution, it followed that the clans/families prominent in a particular district would wear the tartan of that district, and it was but a short step for that community to become identified by it.
Clans generally identify with geographical areas originally controlled by the Chiefs, sometimes with an ancestral castle and clan gatherings form a regular part of the social scene. The most notable gathering of recent times was "The Gathering 2009" which included a "clan convention" in the Scottish parliament.
It is a common misconception that every person who bears a clan's name is a lineal descendant of the chiefs. Many clansmen although not related to the chief took the chief's surname as their own to show solidarity, or for basic protection, or for much needed sustenance.
Other articles related to "scottish clan, clan, scottish, clans":
... Clan badges are another means of showing one's allegiance to a Scottish clan ... They are usually worn in a bonnet behind the Scottish crest badge they can also be attached at the shoulder of a lady's tartan sash, or be tied to a pole and used as a standard ... Clans which are connected historically, or that occupied lands in the same general area, may share the same clan badge ...
... Clan Johnstone, a Scottish clan Earl of Annandale and Hartfell, noble title of the chief of Clan Johnstone ...
Famous quotes containing the words clan and/or scottish:
“It has now become the doctrine of a large clan of politicians that political honesty is unnecessary, slow, subversive of a mans interests, and incompatible with quick onward movement.”
—Anthony Trollope (18151882)
“Better wear out shoes than sheets.”
—18th-century Scottish proverb, collected in J. Kelly, Complete Collection of Scottish Proverbs (1721)