Ribagorçan Dialect - Phonology


Some features include:

  • Palatalization of /l/ in consonant clusters (i.e. /bl pl ɡl kl fl/); e.g., pllou ('it rains'), cllau ('key')
  • General loss of Latin final unstressed vowels except for /a/, as in Catalan. Moving westward preserved final /o/ is more frequent.
  • Occasional diphthongization of Romance short vowels: /ɛ/ → ; /ɔ/ →, becoming more generalized moving westward; e.g., Latin terra → tierra ; Latin pōns → puent
  • Occasional interdental fricative as reflex of to Latin /k/ before front vowels; e.g., cinc ('five'). This feature gets more general moving westward (cf. Eastern Ribagorçan and Catalan cinc ).
  • Different results for 2nd person plural endings of verbs (Latin -tis), from west to east: -z (as in some western variants of Aragonese), -tz (as in Occitan) or -u (as in modern Catalan).
  • Different results from the Romance voiced prepalatal affricate ( from i-, dj- and gj-), from west to east: (as in some occidental variants of Aragonese and apitxat Valencian), (as in medieval Catalan and most of contemporary Valencian and Occitan), (as in most of contemporary Catalan). E.g., óvens (Western Ribagorza), óvens (Eastern Ribagorçan) ('young ones').
  • Loss of final /r/ of infinitives and polysyllabic words, a feature shared with most of contemporary Catalan (except Valencian variants). E.g., Latin mvlier → muller ('woman'), Vulgar Latin tripaliāre → treballar ('to work')
  • Past perfect of verbs formed with auxiliary forms derived from Latin vadere + infinitive, e.g., va fer ('s/he did'), a feature shared with Catalan that is characteristic of Western Aragonese dialects westward from Gistaín valley.

Read more about this topic:  Ribagorçan Dialect

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