Rhetoric

Rhetoric is the art of discourse, an art that aims to improve the facility of speakers or writers who attempt to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. As a subject of formal study and a productive civic practice, rhetoric has played a central role in the Western tradition. Its best known definition comes from Aristotle, who considers it a counterpart of both logic and politics, and calls it "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion." Rhetorics typically provide heuristics for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for particular situations, such as Aristotle's three persuasive audience appeals, logos, pathos, and ethos. The five canons of rhetoric, which trace the traditional tasks in designing a persuasive speech, were first codified in classical Rome, invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery. Along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), rhetoric is one of the three ancient arts of discourse.

From ancient Greece to the late 19th century, it was a central part of Western education, filling the need to train public speakers and writers to move audiences to action with arguments. The word is derived from the Greek ῥητορικός (rhētorikós), "oratorical", from ῥήτωρ (rhḗtōr), "public speaker", related to ῥῆμα (rhêma), "that which is said or spoken, word, saying", and ultimately derived from the verb λέγω (loqui), "to speak, say".

Read more about Rhetoric:  History, Modern Rhetoric, French Rhetoric

Other articles related to "rhetoric":

Canadian Society For The Study Of Rhetoric
... The Canadian Society for the Study of Rhetoric (CSSR) is a bilingual scholarly society based in Canada that is open to scholars involved in the teaching or researching of rhetoric ... version of the International Society for the History of Rhetoric, and while—as implied by its original name, the Canadian Seminar on the History of Rhetoric (CSHR)—it originally focused on the history ...
French Rhetoric
... Rhetoric was part of the curriculum in Jesuit and, to a lesser extent, Oratorian colleges until the French Revolution ... For Jesuits, right from the foundation of the Society in France, rhetoric was an integral part of the training of young men toward taking up leadership positions in the Church and ... Nonetheless, in the 18th Century, rhetoric was the structure and crown of secondary education, with works such as Rollin's Treatise of Studies achieving a wide and enduring fame ...
Célestin Joseph Félix - Life
... In 1833 he was named professor of rhetoric, received minor orders and the diaconate, and in 1837 entered the Society of Jesus ... studies at Louvain, he was ordained in 1842 and returned to Brugelettes to teach rhetoric and philosophy ... Called to Amiens in 1850, he introduced the teaching of rhetoric at the College de la Providence and preaching during Advent and Lent at the cathedral ...
Contingency (philosophy) - Contingency and Relativism in Rhetoric
... past by philosophers and rhetoricians to allocate to rhetoric its own realm have ended with attempting to contain rhetoric within the domain of ... Aristotle explained in Rhetoric, "The duty of rhetoric is to deal with such matters as we deliberate upon without arts or systems to guide us…" Aristotle stresses the contingent ... nature of decisions creates and invites rhetoric ...
Caldwell Academy - A Classical Education - Rhetoric
... Rhetoric school (grades 9-12) students learn how to express what they know and what they are learning through the use of debate, apologetics, public speaking, essay writing, and ... Alex Watson is the current president of the Rhetoric Senate ...

Famous quotes containing the word rhetoric:

    A commonplace of political rhetoric has it that the quality of a civilization may be measured by how it cares for its elderly. Just as surely, the future of a society may be forecast by how it cares for its young.
    Daniel Patrick Moynihan (20th century)

    Children cannot eat rhetoric and they cannot be sheltered by commissions. I don’t want to see another commission that studies the needs of kids. We need to help them.
    Marian Wright Edelman (20th century)

    ... rhetoric never won a revolution yet.
    Shirley Chisholm (b. 1924)