Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy.

There are some ISO standards relating to recycling such as ISO 15270:2008 for plastics waste and ISO 14001:2004 for environmental management control of recycling practice.

Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics. Although similar in effect, the composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste – such as food or garden waste – is not typically considered recycling. Materials to be recycled are either brought to a collection center or picked up from the curbside, then sorted, cleaned, and reprocessed into new materials bound for manufacturing.

In the strictest sense, recycling of a material would produce a fresh supply of the same material—for example, used office paper would be converted into new office paper, or used foamed polystyrene into new polystyrene. However, this is often difficult or too expensive (compared with producing the same product from raw materials or other sources), so "recycling" of many products or materials involves their reuse in producing different materials (e.g., paperboard) instead. Another form of recycling is the salvage of certain materials from complex products, either due to their intrinsic value (e.g., lead from car batteries, or gold from computer components), or due to their hazardous nature (e.g., removal and reuse of mercury from various items). Critics dispute the net economic and environmental benefits of recycling over its costs, and suggest that proponents of recycling often make matters worse and suffer from confirmation bias. Specifically, critics argue that the costs and energy used in collection and transportation detract from (and outweigh) the costs and energy saved in the production process; also that the jobs produced by the recycling industry can be a poor trade for the jobs lost in logging, mining, and other industries associated with virgin production; and that materials such as paper pulp can only be recycled a few times before material degradation prevents further recycling. Proponents of recycling dispute each of these claims, and the validity of arguments from both sides has led to enduring controversy.

Read more about Recycling:  Recycling Industrial Waste, Recycling Codes, Cost-benefit Analysis, Criticisms and Responses, Related Journals

Other articles related to "recycling":

Motorola W233 - Recycling
... A postage-paid recycling envelope is also included, so consumers can send off their old phone for recycling at no extra cost, promoting future environmental responsibility ...
Metech Incorporated
... Metech Recycling is a Founder and Certified e-Stewards recycler of the Basel Action Network (BAN) ... Metech Recycling resulted from the merger of Metech International and Guaranteed Recycling Xperts in 2009 ...
Sony Canada’s Environmental Responsibility
... Sony accepts all of its products for recycling, at no additional cost ... where customers can drop off any old Sony product for recycling, at no charge ... In October 2008, The Recycling Council of Ontario presented Sony Canada with the top-level Platinum award in the Business Category at the 2008 Waste Minimization Awards ...
Abt Electronics - Environmental Practices
... In 2006 the company built a recycling center which collects the company's used cardboard, plastic and plastic-foam packaging and prepares it to be sold for recycling ... The recycling center processes 150 loads of Styrofoam and 200 loads of cardboard per week ...
Recycling - Related Journals
... Journal of Urban Economics Psychology and Marketing Recycling North America’s Recycling and Composting Journal Resources, Conservation and ...

Famous quotes containing the word recycling:

    Both the Moral Majority, who are recycling medieval language to explain AIDS, and those ultra-leftists who attribute AIDS to some sort of conspiracy, have a clearly political analysis of the epidemic. But even if one attributes its cause to a microorganism rather than the wrath of God, or the workings of the CIA, it is clear that the way in which AIDS has been perceived, conceptualized, imagined, researched and financed makes this the most political of diseases.
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