Presidio

A presidio is a fortified base established by the Spanish in North America between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. The fortresses were built to protect against pirates, hostile native Americans and enemy colonists. Other presidios were held by Spain in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in Italy, on Elba and in North Africa. Later, with independence, the Mexicans garrisoned the Spanish presidios on the northern frontier and followed the same pattern in unsettled frontier regions like the Presidio de Sonoma, at Sonoma, California and the Presidio de Calabasas, in Arizona. A short distance outside a presidio, would be a rancho del rey, or king's farm, a tract of land assigned to it to furnish pasturage to the horses and other beasts of burden of the garrison.

Read more about Presidio:  Mediterranean, United States, Mexico

Other articles related to "presidio":

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Presidio - Mexico
... Sonora The Presidio de San Felipe y Santiago de Janos, founded in 1685 in Janos, Sonora The Presidio del Pitic, founded in 1726 in Hermosillo, Sonora The Presidio Santa Gertrudis del Altar, founded in ... The Presidio del Pasaje (1685), on Rio Nazas northwest of Cuencamé ... The Presidio de San Pedro del Gallo (1690's), in San Pedro del Gallo ...
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Presidio Mutiny
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