Plural

The plural is one of the categories of grammatical number in many languages. Plural forms of nouns typically denote a quantity other than the default quantity represented by a noun, which is generally one (the form that represents this default quantity is said to be of singular number). Most commonly, therefore, plurals are used to denote two or more of something, although they may also denote fractional, zero or negative amounts. An example of a plural is the English word cats, which is derived from the singular cat.

Plurality is a linguistic universal, represented variously among the languages as a separate word (free morpheme), an affix (bound morpheme), or by other morphological indications such as stress or implicit markers/context.

Words of other types, such as verbs, adjectives and pronouns, also frequently have distinct plural forms, which are used in agreement with the number of their associated nouns.

Some languages also have a dual (denoting exactly two of something) or other systems of number categories. However in English and many other languages, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers, except for possible remnants of the dual in pronouns such as both and either.

Read more about PluralThe Plural Within Systems of Grammatical Number, Formation of Plurals, Plural Forms of Other Parts of Speech, Nouns Lacking Plural or Singular Form, Usage of The Plural, POS Tagging

Other articles related to "plural, plurals":

Broken Plural
... In linguistics, a broken plural (or internal plural) is an irregular plural form of a noun or adjective found in the Semitic languages and other Afroasiatic languages such as Berber ... Broken plurals are formed by changing the pattern of consonants and vowels inside the singular form ... They contrast with sound plurals (or external plurals), which are formed by adding a suffix ...
Algerian Arabic - Grammar - Conjugations and Verbs
... suffixes change according to the tense Person Past Present Singular Plural Singular Plural 1st - t - na n - n(e) - u 2nd (m) - t - tu t - t - u 2nd (f) - ti - tu t - i t - u 3rd (m) - - u i/y(e) - i/y(e) - u ...
Fogo Creole - Grammar - Determiners
... For the indefinite articles there are two forms, one for the singular, another for the plural úm… /ũ/ “a, an (singular)”, úns… /ũz/ “a, an (plural)” The possessive determiners have number inflexion, but the plural refers to the objects possessed, and not to the owners ... Ex ...
Plural - POS Tagging
... In part-of-speech tagging notation is used to distinguish different types of plurals based on the grammatical and semantic context. 36 tags) has two tags NNS - noun, plural, and NPS - Proper noun, plural, while the CLAWS 7 tagset (~149 tags) uses six NN2 - plural common noun, NNL2 - plural locative noun, NNO2 - numeral noun, plural, NNT2 ...
Apophony - Stem Alternations and Other Morphological Processes
... An example of this is in the formation of plural nouns in German Singular Plural Buch "book" Bücher "books" Haus "house" Häuser "houses" Here the singular/plur ... similar forms with a -ren suffix in the plural and a -en suffix in the past participle forms along with the internal vowel alternation child (singular) /ˈtʃaɪld ...