Romance Languages

The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages, Latin languages or Neo-Latin languages) are all the related languages derived from Vulgar Latin and forming a subgroup of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.

The Romance languages developed from Latin in the sixth to ninth centuries. Today, there are more than 800 million native speakers worldwide, mainly in Europe and the Americas and many smaller regions scattered throughout the world, as well as large numbers of non-native speakers, and widespread use as lingua franca. Because of the extreme difficulty and varying methodology of distinguishing among language, variety, and dialect, it is impossible to count the number of Romance languages now in existence, but the standard count places the number of living Romance languages at almost 25. In fact, the number may be slightly larger, and many more existed previously (SIL Ethnologue lists 47 Romance languages).

In 2007 the five most widely spoken Romance languages by number of native speakers were Spanish (385 million), Portuguese (205 million), French (75 million), Italian (60 million), and Romanian (25 million). Many of these languages have large numbers of non-native speakers; this is especially the case for French, in widespread use throughout West Africa.

Other Romance languages include Aragonese, Aromanian, Arpitan, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Friulan, Galician, Ladino, Leonese, Lombard, Mirandese, Neapolitan, Occitan, Piedmontese, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian and Walloon.

Read more about Romance LanguagesOrigins, Name, Samples, Modern Status, Classification and Related Languages, Writing Systems, Vocabulary Comparison

Other articles related to "romance languages, language, romance, languages":

Superlatives - In Other Languages - Romance Languages
... In contrast to English, in the grammars of most romance languages the elative and the superlative are joined into the same degree (the superlative), which can be of two kinds comparative ... but nor is Portuguese, it exists only in the archaic or literary language ...
History Of The Romanian Language - External History - Romanization and Vulgar Latin
... The Dalmatian language which occupied an intermediary position between Romanian and Italian started to develop in these coastal regions ... This Pax Romana was instrumental in the "standardization of language, customs, architecture, housing and technology" ... that the Latin tongue of Southeastern Europe developed in line with the evolution of the language in the empire's other parts at least until the end of the 3rd century ...
Conditional Mood - Examples - Indo-European Languages - Romance Languages
... While Latin used the indicative and subjunctive in conditional sentences, most of the Romance languages developed a conditional paradigm ... The evolution of these forms (and of the innovative Romance future tense forms) is a well-known example of grammaticalization, whereby a syntactically and semantically independent word ... The Romance conditional (and future) forms are derived from the Latin infinitive followed by a finite form of the verb habēre ...
Southern Romance Languages
... The Southern Romance languages make up a hypothetical sub-group of the family of Romance languages suggested by Ethnologue but with little support among linguists ... According to Ethnologue, the language group would include Sardinian, Corsican, the Gallurese dialect, and the dialects of Sassarese ... while Sardinian is considered a separate language ...
Romance Languages - Vocabulary Comparison
... shifts that have occurred between Latin and Romance languages, along with a selection of minority languages ... luenga lengua lingua llingua lhéngua lingua língua lengoa lengua langua tongue/ language nostrum nostru nostro nostru nostru/nosciu nostru nestri nòst noss notre nòstre ...

Famous quotes containing the words languages and/or romance:

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