Planning

Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them. An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like. The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order.

Read more about Planning:  Psychology, Types, Dark Side of Planning

Other articles related to "planning":

American Planning Association
... The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of city and regional planning in the United States ... formed in 1978 when two separate professional planning organizations, the American Institute of Planners and the American Society of Planning Officials, were merged into a ... The association also publishes the Journal of the American Planning Association ("JAPA", ISSN 0194-4363) ...
Barquisimeto - Law and Government
... municipal governments have four main functions executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning ... Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality ...
Operation Lam Son 719 - Background - Planning
... and enter the war openly." On 7 January 1971 MACV was authorized to begin detailed planning for an attack against PAVN Base Areas 604 and 611 ... precautions and the uncanny ability of communist agents to uncover operational information, the planning phase lasted only a few weeks and was divided between the American and. 101st Airborne Division, "Planning was rushed, handicapped by security restrictions, and conducted separately and in isolation by the Vietnamese and the Americans." The decisions had been ...
Dark Side of Planning
... The "dark side of planning" is a term used by planning scholars to distinguish actual planning from ideal planning. 383) based on research of how political power influences rationality in planning (Flyvbjerg 1991, 1998) ... Flyvbjerg defined the dark side of planning as the real rationalities that planners employ in planning practice, as opposed to the ideal rationalities of the benevolent ...

Famous quotes containing the word planning:

    My consciousness-raising group is still going on. Every Monday night it meets, somewhere in Greenwich Village, and it drinks a lot of red wine and eats a lot of cheese. A friend of mine who is in it tells me that at the last meeting, each of the women took her turn to explain, in considerable detail, what she was planning to stuff her Thanksgiving turkey with. I no longer go to the group.
    Nora Ephron (b. 1941)

    Few men in our history have ever obtained the Presidency by planning to obtain it.
    James A. Garfield (1831–1881)

    Most literature on the culture of adolescence focuses on peer pressure as a negative force. Warnings about the “wrong crowd” read like tornado alerts in parent manuals. . . . It is a relative term that means different things in different places. In Fort Wayne, for example, the wrong crowd meant hanging out with liberal Democrats. In Connecticut, it meant kids who weren’t planning to get a Ph.D. from Yale.
    Mary Kay Blakely (20th century)