Pituitary Gland

In vertebrate anatomy the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams (0.018 oz) in humans. It is not a part of the brain. It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, and rests in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold (diaphragma sellae). The pituitary is functionally connected to the hypothalamus by the median eminence via a small tube called the infundibular stem (Pituitary stalk). The pituitary fossa, in which the pituitary gland sits, is situated in the sphenoid bone in the middle cranial fossa at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland secretes nine hormones that regulate homeostasis.

Read more about Pituitary GlandSections, Functions, Diseases Involving The Pituitary Gland, Additional Images

Other articles related to "pituitary, pituitary gland, glands, gland":

Pituitary Disease
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Pituitary Apoplexy - Treatment
... The first priority in suspected or confirmed pituitary apoplexy is stabilization of the circulatory system ... The decision on whether to surgically decompress the pituitary gland is complex and mainly dependent on the severity of visual loss and visual field defects ... Most commonly, operations on the pituitary gland are performed through transsphenoidal surgery ...
Pituitary Gland - Additional Images
... Location of the pituitary gland in the human brain Pituitary and pineal glands The arteries of the base of the brain Mesal aspect of a brain sectioned in the median sagittal plane ...
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