Orthography

An orthography is a standardized system for using a particular writing system (script) to write a particular language. It includes rules of spelling; other elements of written language that may also be considered to be part of orthography include hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.

Most significant languages in the modern era are written down, and for most such languages a standard orthography has developed, often based on a standard variety of the language, and thus exhibiting less dialect variation than the spoken language. Sometimes there may be variation in a language's orthography, as between American and British spelling in the case of English. If a language uses multiple writing systems, it may have distinct orthographies, as is the case with Kurdish, Uyghur, Serbian, Inuktitut and Turkish. In some cases orthography is regulated by bodies such as language academies, although for many languages (including English) there are no such authorities, and orthography develops through less formal processes.

Orthography is distinct from typography, which is concerned with principles of typesetting.

Read more about Orthography:  Etymology and Meaning, Units and Notation, Types, Correspondence With Pronunciation

Other articles related to "orthography":

Orthography - Correspondence With Pronunciation - Defective Orthographies
... In some cases an orthography based on the principle that symbols correspond to phonemes may lack characters to represent all the phonemes or all the phonemic distinctions in the language ... This is called a defective orthography ...
Scottish Gaelic Phonology - Orthography - Vowel Di-/tri-graphs
... Category 1 vowel plus glide vowels ... In this category, vowels in digraphs/trigraphs that are next to a neighbouring consonant are for all intents and purposes part of the consonant, showing the broad or slender status of the consonant. ...
Sio Language - Phonology - Consonants (current Orthography)
... began to work with Sio speakers in 1985, the latter expressed a desire to revise their orthography to make it more similar to what people had become familiar with in Tok Pisin and English ... However, by 1992, after many materials were produced in the new orthography, Sio teachers and church circuit officers approved writing the indicator of labialization on the same line, thus accepting mw ...
Latvian Orthography - Old Orthography
... The old orthography was based on that of German and did not represent the Latvian language phonemically ... The old orthography was used until the 20th century when it was slowly replaced by the modern orthography ...