Oral Law

An oral law is a code of conduct in use in a given culture, religion or community application, by which a body of rules of human behaviour is transmitted by oral tradition and effectively respected, or the single rule that is orally transmitted.

Many cultures have an oral law, while most contemporary legal systems have a formal written organisation. The oral tradition (from the Latin tradere = to transmit) is the typical instrument of transmission of the oral codes or, in a more general sense, is the complex of what a culture transmits of itself among the generations, "from father to son". This kind of transmission can be due to lack of other means, such as in illiterate or criminal societies, or can be expressly required by the same law.

There has been a continuous debate over oral versus written transmission, with the focus on the perceived higher reliability of written evidence, primarily based on the "linear world of academia" where only written down records are accepted. However, "standard" theories of orality and literacy have been proposed.

Read more about Oral Law:  Oral Law in Jurisprudence, Oral Law in Judaism

Other articles related to "oral law, law, oral, laws":

Oral Law in Judaism
... Although the Hebrew term "Torah" is often translated as "Law", its actual meaning is "Instruction" or "Teaching" ... that the books of the Tanakh were transmitted in parallel with an oral tradition, as relayed by God to Moses and from him handed on to the scholarly and other ... she-bi-khtav תורה שבכתב) comprises the Torah and the rest of the Tanakh the "Oral Instruction" (Torah she-be'al peh תורה שבעל פה) was ultimately recorded in the Talmud (lit ...
Jewish Commentaries On The Bible - Commentaries - Acharonim Later (1600-)
... The basis of the whole of the Oral Law is explicit in the Bible, either through Pshat or Drush ... The only exception is when the Oral Law states that the law is not found in the Bible and is designated as Halacha l'Moshe m'Sinai ... the language of the Hebrew Bible to understand the laws being given ...
Samuel Belkin - Biography
... thesis was published with the title “Philo and the Oral Law the Philonic Interpretation of Biblical Law in Relation to the Palestinian Halakah.” As a scholar he published ... His most significant published works are "Philo and the Oral Law" (Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1940) and "In His Image The Jewish Philosophy of Man as ... And a Democracy because the Written and the Oral Law emphasize the infinite worth of each human being ...
Eliezer Berkovits - Theory of Halakhah and Halakhic Change, Oral Law (Torah She'be'al Peh)
... Related to this is Rabbi Berkovits's view of the Oral Law (Torah She'be'al Peh), the traditional Jewish conception of the oral explanation of the Torah, given ... This Oral Torah includes both explicit interpretations of certain Pentateuchal laws, as well as the general methods of Rabbinic exegesis ... In Berkovits's view, the Oral Law was oral in order to allow maximum flexibility, by giving the rabbis of each generation the ability to decide ...
Rabbinic Judaism
... the 2nd to 6th centuries, with the redaction of the oral law and the Talmud as the authoritative interpretation of Jewish scripture and to encourage the practice of Judaism ... at Mount Sinai, Moses received directly from God the Torah (Pentateuch) as well as additional oral explanation of the revelation, the "oral law," that was transmitted by ... with Karaite Judaism (Hebrew יהדות קראית), which does not recognize the oral law as a divine authority nor the Rabbinic procedures used to interpret Jewish scripture ...

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