Torah

The Torah (/ˈtɔːrə/; Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching") is the Jewish name for the first five books of the Jewish Bible. In Hebrew the five books are named by the first phrase in the text: Bereshit ("In beginning", Genesis), Shemot ("Names", Exodus), Vayikra ("He called", Leviticus), Bamidbar ("In the desert", Numbers) and Devarim ("Words", Deuteronomy).

In rabbinic literature the word Torah denotes both these five books, Torah Shebichtav (תורה שבכתב, "Torah that is written"), and an Oral Torah, Torah Shebe'al Peh (תורה שבעל פה, "Torah that is spoken"). The Oral Torah consists of the traditional interpretations and amplifications handed down by word of mouth from generation to generation and now embodied in the Talmud (תַּלְמוּד) and Midrash (מדרש). The words of the Torah are written on a scroll by a sofer on parchment in Hebrew. A Torah portion must be read publicly at least once every three days, in the halachically prescribed tune, in the presence of a congregation, which is the basis for Jewish communal life.

According to religious tradition, all of the laws found in the Torah, both written and oral, were given by God to Moses, some of them at Mount Sinai and others at the Tabernacle, and all the teachings were written down by Moses, which resulted in the Torah we have today. According to a Midrash, the Torah was created prior to the creation of the world, and was used as the blueprint for Creation. Most modern biblical scholars believe that the written books were a product of the Babylonian exilic period (c. 600 BCE) and that it was completed by the Persian period (c. 400 BCE).

Read more about Torah:  Meaning and Names, Composition, Structure, Torah and Judaism, The Oral Torah, Divine Significance of Letters, Jewish Mysticism, Production and Use of A Torah Scroll, In Other Religions

Other articles related to "torah, torahs":

Torah - In Other Religions
... texts in its Old Testament, Islam believes that only the original Torah was sent by the One true God ... denominations have slightly different versions of the Old Testament in their Bibles, the Torah as the "Five Books of Moses" (or "the Mosaic Law") is common among them all ... And He sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)." Muslims call the Torah the Tawrat and consider it the word of God given to Moses ...
Gilgulim - Kabbalistic Descent and Ascent in History - Descent of The Generations in Halachic Scholarship
... removed from the original Revelation of the Torah on Mount Sinai ... the preceding Halachic authorities, since to reach them, the chain of Torah transmission is longer and more vulnerable to mistaken recollection ... This applies until the Oral Torah was written down in the Talmud, where the Amoraim Sages of the Gemara commentary do not disagree with the earlier ...
Michel Yehuda Lefkowitz
2011) was a respected Haredi Lithuanian Torah leader and rosh yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel, for over 70 years ... Acheinu kiruv organization, and played a leading role in the fight for Torah-true education in yeshivas and Talmud Torahs in Israel ... In addition to his own Torah works, he published the teachings of his rebbi, Rabbi Shlomo Heiman, in the two-volume Chiddushei Shlomo ...
Shamas - Duties
... The gabbai is responsible for calling congregants up to the Torah in some synagogues, the gabbai stands next to the Torah reader, holding a version ...
Takkanah - Introduction
... Takkanot, in general, do not affect or restrict observance of Torah mitzvot ... had the authority to "uproot matters from the Torah" in certain cases ... Rabbis may rule that a Torah mitzvah should not be performed, e.g ...