Talmud

The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism, considered second to the Torah. It is also traditionally referred to as Shas (ש״ס), a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim, the "six orders" of the Oral Law of Judaism. The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה, c. 200 CE), the first written compendium of Judaism's Oral Law, and the Gemara (c. 500 CE), an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible. The terms Talmud and Gemara are often used interchangeably.

The whole Talmud consists of 63 tractates, and in standard print is over 6,200 pages long. It is written in Tannaitic Hebrew and Aramaic. The Talmud contains the opinions of thousands of rabbis on a variety of subjects, including law, ethics, philosophy, customs, history, theology, lore and many other topics. The Talmud is the basis for all codes of rabbinic law and is much quoted in other rabbinic literature.

Read more about Talmud:  History, Structure, Bavli and Yerushalmi, Language, Talmud Scholarship, Role in Judaism, Other Contexts, Criticism

Other articles related to "talmud":

Marc-Alain Ouaknin - Partial Bibliography
... The Burnt Book Reading the Talmud, translation by Llewellyn Brown of Le livre brûlé, Lire le Talmud, Princeton University Press (1995) Le livre brûlé, Lire le Talmud, Lieu Commun (1986 ...
Soferim (Talmud) - Halakhic Authority
... Because Soferim is not part of the Babylonian Talmud or Palestinian Talmud, later generations of Jews have not always accepted its rulings (in whole or in part) as ... rabbis have decided straight from Soferim, since they are not mentioned in the Talmud ... this berakha is mentioned in Soferim, though not in the Talmud ...
Translations - Talmud Yerushalmi
... Talmud of the Land of Israel A Preliminary Translation and Explanation Jacob Neusner, Tzvee Zahavy, others ... Schottenstein Edition of the Yerushalmi Talmud Mesorah/Artscroll ... translation is the counterpart to Mesorah/Artscroll's Schottenstein Edition of the Talmud (i.e ...
The Meaning of "Shnaim Ohazin"
... Shnaim Ohazin (Two who are holding) with a double meaning The show speaks of studying the Talmud, and "Shnaim Ohazin" is one of the famous Talmud chapters ... The study of the Talmud is mostly textual, while the television medium is not characterized by book and words ... On top of that, study of the Talmud involves continual negotiation between the study partners, and this is difficult to present by television ...
Shass Pollak
... of the 12 books of the standard edition of the Babylonian Talmud ... eyewitnesses stated that the memorizing was related to the Talmud part, printed in the centers of the pages, and not the surrounding commentary ... six orders", or Mishnah "shas" is also a colloquial reference to the Talmud and "Pollak" is "Pole" in Yiddish, referring to a Polish Jew, so the term ...